The Republic of Rwanda is a small country in central-eastern Africa, home to approximately 11.7 million people as of 2012. It is located just a few degrees south of the Equator and is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is also located at a high elevation, dominated by mountains, savanna, and lakes with a temperate climate produced by two rainy and dry seasons each year. Most of Rwanda’s population is young and rural, and it has one of the highest population densities in all of Africa. Rwanda, notably, has low corruption compared to its neighbors, but human rights groups allege suppression and intimidation of opposition groups and restrictions to the freedom of speech. The country is probably best known for the Rwandan Genocide in 1994.