Malaria (C/N)

Malaria is a transmittable, viral disease that is predominately carried by female Anopheles mosquito species. The disease is caused by 5 different types of microscopic parasites: Plasmodium ovale, P. malariae, P. knowlesi, P. vivax and P. falciparum. These parasites spread into the victim’s liver and bloodstream, and can spread to other mosquitoes that bite the infected person. Symptoms commonly occur 9 to 14 days after infection but some might occur months later, some types even recurring years later. They include fever, chills, headache, sweating, aching joints in joints and muscles, nausea, diarrhoea, vomiting and yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice). If left untreated, Malaria can lead more serious symptoms including anaemia, kidney failure, seizures, comas and death. People most at risk from Malaria include pregnant women, young children and those travelling to Malaria affected countries or areas. Treatments include various anti-malarial medication, which kill the parasites. Malaria is often found in regions of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Pacific Islands and the Middle East.