International Genetic Technologies, Inc. (S/F) / (S/F-T/G) / (S/F-Ride)

INGEN_Logo_Recolored_by_VincentConti85International Genetic Technologies Corporation, Inc., or InGen, is a biotechnology research and development company notable for its genetics products and security services. It was founded in San Diego, California by Scottish businessman Dr. John Hammond in 1975. Its slogan is We Make Your Future; it has also used the slogan Building Tomorrow out of Yesterday. It has a website within the Ride Canon subdivision of S/F, which has not been updated since 6/20/1996, archived here; there is a version which was updated for 1997 but contains less overall content here. InGen is probably best known for its de-extinction theme park, Jurassic World, which operated on the Costa Rican island of Isla Nublar from May 30, 2005 until December 22, 2015 exhibiting organisms brought back from extinction using advanced genetic engineering and cloning techniques developed by InGen. This park was actually based off an earlier attempt called Jurassic Park which was constructed between 1988 and 1993 on the same island, but never opened.

InGen’s history has been marred by controversy related to bioethics and transparency. In particular it has recently been the subject of scandal due to its lead genetic biologist, Henry Wu, being found guilty of bioethical misconduct by the United States Congress and stripped of his credentials. As the first company to ever perform de-extinction as well as create hybrid genera, InGen’s position at the forefront of genetic science has made it one of the most controversial corporate entities on a global scale.

Since 1998, InGen has been a subsidiary of Masrani Global Corporation.

History
1975-1982: Beginnings

International Genetic Technologies, Inc. was founded in 1975 by John Hammond, the company’s first CEO and President, in San Diego, California. At that time, Hammond’s business partner Sir Benjamin Lockwood was the company’s financial benefactor. It may have also been partly funded by the Hammond Foundation.

InGen’s purpose since its inception was to accomplish de-extinction, the resurrection of extinct life forms using genetic engineering and cloning. This goal was not publicly stated, and was instead kept a closely guarded secret known only to those who Hammond and Lockwood trusted most. In order to fund this venture, InGen originally produced consumer biological products, details about which are currently scarce.

1982-1993: Building Jurassic Park

Over the course of the next few years, InGen amassed investors from around the world. The money gained from its investors, as well as the Lockwood fortune, allowed it to lease the island of Isla Sorna from the Costa Rican government in 1982, establishing it as a clandestine research facility named Site B. The year after this, InGen utilized its property in San Diego to begin construction on a huge amphitheater that would form the centerpiece of Hammond’s brainchild: a combination theme park and zoo exhibiting creatures brought back from extinction, called Jurassic Park.

By 1984, InGen was able to establish itself as a competitor in the biotechnology sector against rivals such as BioSyn Genetics and Mantah Corporation. Early research took place at the Lockwood estate, where Lockwood established a private laboratory using cutting-edge technology for the time. It was here, in 1984, that the first test-fertilization of an artificial ovum was successful; in 1985, InGen moved forward with de-extinction research by hiring paleogeneticist Dr. Laura Sorkin. That year, ancient DNA was successfully extracted from an amber inclusion by Dr. Sorkin at the Lockwood estate.

In relatively short order, InGen opened an office on 100 Farallon Road in Palo Alto, California (phone number (415) 209-5451) as well as throughout Europe. The Palo Alto office became the company headquarters. Site B grew rapidly as well, with facilities coming under construction to house the employees and perform advanced genetic research. On the other hand, construction stalled on Jurassic Park despite it being nearly complete. Hammond, having become enamored with secluded tropical islands like Isla Sorna, opted to abandon the San Diego locale for the park and instead build it on a remote island as well. Returning to Costa Rica, he negotiated the addition of another island called Isla Nublar onto the lease. This was successful and InGen began the relocation of Isla Nublar’s native people, the Tun-Si tribe, to the Costa Rican mainland. InGen was entrusted with providing for the needs of the people they were displacing, but they are largely considered to have failed in this respect.

In the spring of 1986, InGen hired another highly-recommended geneticist, the recent MIT graduate Dr. Henry Wu. This same year saw the first successful de-extinction, a Triceratops horridus, which hatched on Isla Sorna. De-extinction was, at the time, a laborious process involving the collection of hundreds of fossil samples and cross-referencing them for compatible sections of DNA belonging to the same species. Most of the DNA samples were too decayed to be useful, and duplicate strands were of no benefit, meaning that the majority of fossils bore no valid DNA. These techniques were revolutionized by Dr. Wu, who discovered that compatible segments of functionally identical DNA could be taken from modern organisms and used to replace the decayed segments of ancient DNA, thereby creating a complete de-extinct genome via hybridization. Wu also pioneered the lysine contingency, a mechanism to ensure that escaped animals could not survive in the wild. These accomplishments led to InGen promoting Wu over Sorkin.

By 1987, the last of the Tun-Si had been forced off Isla Nublar, leaving the island open for development. Construction on the new Jurassic Park began the following year, in 1988, by which time several new animal and plant species had been brought back from extinction. These included the impressive Tyrannosaurus rex, and a female of this species was shipped from Isla Sorna to Isla Nublar in 1989. To staff the park, Hammond hired his old park warden Robert Muldoon, with whom he had worked before, as well as engineer Ray Arnold, programmer Dennis Nedry, veterinarian Gerry Harding, and other highly-recommended leaders in their fields. He obtained information on dinosaur behavior and biology by funding paleontologists such as Dr. Alan Grant.

During the engineering of Jurassic Park, some of the animals were found to be markedly different from what InGen scientists had expected. The most notable alterations were in Dilophosaurus, which possessed venom and elaborate soft-tissue display structures, and Velociraptor, which demonstrated alarming levels of social intelligence and a body size roughly twice that seen in fossils. Sorkin believed that these were due to Wu introducing foreign DNA into the animals’ genomes, though Wu himself declined to comment, believing his methods to be sound.

Hammond and InGen at that time believed that Jurassic Park would be a runaway success, comparable to brands such as Disney. The company was already planning for more park locations for after the first opened; a tract of land in the Azores was leased for Jurassic Park Europe, and an island near Guam was leased for a park serving Japan. By 1993, negotiations for property in Beijing were underway, the intent being to build yet another park serving China.

Construction on the park as well as genetic engineering continued to hit a number of snags, causing progress to slow. Among the greatest setbacks was the departure of Benjamin Lockwood from the project, as he and Hammond bitterly separated due to bioethical disagreements regarding the morality of human cloning. Despite financial difficulties, the park was nearing operational status in 1993 when a worker was mauled to death by a Velociraptor in early June. This brought progress to a near-standstill as the Board of Directors conducted an investigation. The Board concluded that, if the park were to have any hope of opening, outside experts would have to be brought in to give their endorsement. Legal consultant Donald Gennaro was hired to oversee this, hiring mathematician Dr. Ian Malcolm to analyze the park for weaknesses. Hammond hired his favorite paleontologist, Dr. Alan Grant, to provide a scientific perspective that would hopefully prove the park’s viability. While meeting with Grant on June 7, he also extended the invitation to paleobotanist Dr. Ellie Sattler.

Sabotage would spell doom for Jurassic Park, as chief programmer Nedry had become dissatisfied with his salary and accepted a bribe from BioSyn’s Lewis Dodgson to steal trade secrets out of Jurassic Park. He chose June 11 for the date of his corporate espionage, since most of the InGen staff would be off the island for the weekend and the remaining staff would be preoccupied with the endorsement tour. Nedry’s actions caused damage to Jurassic Park’s infrastructure and software, and in the ensuing chaos, several deaths occurred including Nedry himself. By the mid-morning of June 12, the park was considered unrecoverable and was abandoned; a plan to napalm-bomb the island on June 13 was proposed, but cancelled. It was assumed that the animals would die out due to the lysine contingency once InGen no longer supplied them with food.

1993-1997: InGen’s dark years

The disaster of 1993 sent InGen into a tailspin, with lawsuits from the families of the deceased along with the expenses incurred by the incident itself costing the company at least $215,400,000 before factoring in the subsequent media payoffs and cash settlements to buy the silence of ex-employees and the survivors of the incident. All those involved had been made to sign nondisclosure agreements, but there were still concerns that some of the survivors (particularly the notoriously outspoken Dr. Malcolm) might breach these agreements. With InGen teetering on the brink of Chapter 11 bankruptcy, it fell to Peter Ludlow to keep it stabilized through a determined marketing strategy and frugal budgeting.

InGen kept Dr. Wu on board, though Dr. Sorkin was one of the casualties of the 1993 incident. It was discovered during a survey of Isla Nublar in 1994 that the dinosaurs had not died out, but were instead surviving in a kind of artificial ecology on the island. That November, Dr. Wu was brought in to study the situation, discovering that the animals had not only outwitted the lysine contingency, but that some of their abnormal biological attributes were the result of previously-unidentified functional genes located in what Wu had assumed was non-functional “junk” DNA he had used to fill in the dinosaurs’ gene sequence gaps. This result surprised him, and he began researching it further to see whether it had any practical applications.

While Wu’s research continued and would go on to benefit the struggling InGen, the company had other problems to deal with. As feared, Dr. Malcolm violated his nondisclosure agreement and spoke on television in 1995 about Jurassic Park. He was not immediately believed by the public, and Ludlow orchestrated a smear campaign against him by feeding false information to respected news sources claiming that Malcolm had accepted bribes to speak out against InGen. This protected the company’s reputation, but ruined Malcolm’s career.

By this time, Hammond’s leadership was considered a failure. The incident on Isla Nublar had changed him philosophically, and he now tended toward preservationist environmentalism and neglected his duties as CEO. The Board increasingly looked for reasons to remove him from the position, and Ludlow aimed to be his replacement.

Peter Ludlow and the Board preside over InGen Corporate Resolution 213C, December 1996

They got their chance in late 1996. That December, Isla Sorna was visited by the wealthy Bowman family; while on the island’s northern coast, their young daughter Cathy was attacked by a group of Compsognathus and was badly injured. Forty-eight hours later, another lawsuit was aimed at InGen, the Bowmans having learned that Isla Sorna was owned by the company (and likely having heard Malcolm’s tales of de-extinction in the area). While their silence was bought like the other victims before them, it placed InGen perilously close to bankruptcy, threatening to undo all the work Ludlow and the rest of InGen had put in to save the company after 1993. An emergency Board meeting was held, and Corporate Resolution 213C was passed: the immediate firing of John Hammond from the position of CEO and President, with Peter Ludlow to be his replacement.

Throughout early 1997, Ludlow began work on completing Jurassic Park: San Diego and assembling a team to capture the surviving animals from Isla Sorna to populate it. Henry Wu also made significant contributions to InGen that year, working with his genetics staff to synthesize a new genus and species of flowering plant. The result, the first-ever example of artificial hybrid speciation, was named Karacosis wutansis by the International Society of Geneticists on May 21. This piqued the interest of Simon Masrani, the CEO of Masrani Global Corporation and a friend to John Hammond; it is believed that this was around when Masrani began looking into buying InGen.

With Hammond out of the way, Ludlow put his plan into action. Using the S.S. Venture, InGen’s team of Security personnel and outside experts embarked for Isla Sorna and arrived on February 21 at the earliest. That evening, Ludlow teleconferenced with the Board and InGen’s foreign backers to demonstrate their success. The transmission was interrupted, however, cutting off Ludlow and his team from the rest of the company for the next twenty-four hours. His mission had been sabotaged by animal rights activists employed by Hammond, including Dr. Malcolm; the captured animals were intentionally released. Over the course of the next day, the survivors of the incident were forced to cooperate in order to reach the Workers’ Village in the depths of the island, where Hammond’s activist Nick Van Owen radioed the InGen Harvest Base for rescue. When rescue arrived from the Venture, they found that Ludlow’s lead hunter Roland Tembo had tranquilized a male Tyrannosaurus that had attacked the camp in defense of its offspring. Both father and son were collected by InGen and transported to San Diego, the adult on the Venture and the juvenile by jet. With these animals, there was yet some hope that Jurassic Park: San Diego could open and save the company.

In the pre-dawn hours, Ludlow held a press conference at the InGen waterfront complex while waiting for the Venture to arrive. The juvenile tyrannosaur was already at the amphitheater, having been covertly brought there while the press gathered at the harbor. During the press conference, the Venture arrived ahead of schedule and failing to respond to communication attempts. The ship collided with the dock and was found to have been the site of a violent confrontation between the animal and crew. Survivors explained that the tyrannosaur had been overdosed on carfentanil, then overdosed on naltrexone in an effort to save it from slipping into a coma. In its drug-fueled state, it had been accidentally freed of its cage and attacked the crew; now, it was able to escape the Venture and stumble confusedly into the city.

Ludlow attempted to have the adult killed, ordering the San Diego Police Department to kill it; in the meantime the infant was taken from Jurassic Park by Dr. Malcolm and his romantic partner Dr. Sarah Harding, who had also been employed by Hammond. The scientists lured the adult to the cargo hold of the Venture using the juvenile, then jumped ship to evade capture. Ludlow, having chased them onto the ship not realizing the adult was also in pursuit, was killed.

1997-2002: The Masrani buyout

The San Diego incident would have been a death blow to InGen had Simon Masrani not intervened. Having become interested in buying the company, he bode his time as InGen and Hammond worked with the U.S. government to pen the Ethical Negligence in Paleo-Genetic Resurrection Bill, which would prohibit de-extinction and present InGen with a legal obligation to provide for the welfare of the organisms they had created. The creation of this bill, which passed under the simplified name Gene Guard Act, was an obstacle to Dr. Wu’s research and Masrani’s ambition of opening his own, preferably successful Jurassic Park. Hammond passed away in late 1997, with no knowledge that his close friends were planning to betray his vision.

A fierce bidding war for InGen began. Masrani Global Corporation and Tatsuo Technology were the primary bidders, with Masrani Global eventually winning. Within one hundred days of the merger in 1998, activity resumed on Isla Sorna in direct violation of the Gene Guard Act. Unidentified InGen scientists, probably including Dr. Henry Wu, utilized the island’s existing infrastructure to continue genetic research. The results were filed with names suggesting that plans to resurrect Jurassic Park were already in place, implying that Masrani may have even had a hand in the illegal activity. Within nine months, the island was abandoned once more due to fears of discovery, with the animals created through this round of cloning being discarded into the wild. This gradually led to Isla Sorna becoming overpopulated, with competition for food, water, and territory becoming ever more stressful to the animals.

The United Nations, which had restricted access to Isla Sorna and Isla Nublar, now permitted Masrani Global to land on the islands. Conceptual planning for the new Jurassic Park was now well underway, and on October 23, 1999, Simon Masrani decided to give it a new name: Jurassic World. This name was meant to emphasize the grander scope and modern, global nature of this new park. Henry Wu was brought on board with Jurassic World in December 2000, and was promoted to lead genetic biologist.

2001 was a strange year for InGen, but a momentous and ultimately successful one. An international scandal occurred surrounding Isla Sorna when several American civilians became stranded on the island due to illegal ecotourism, and were extracted by the U.S. military on July 20. Their testimonies threatened to reveal the illegal activity that had taken place on Isla Sorna; to prevent this, U.S. government officials were bribed by InGen to bury the testimonies. During the incident, three genetically engineered Pteranodons were released from the island’s aviary, migrating north until they reached Victoria, British Columbia. The Canadian government employed American security contractor Vic Hoskins to deal with this issue, and Hoskins’s professionalism caught the eye of Simon Masrani. Having wanted to revamp InGen Security Division since he bought the company, Masrani decided that Hoskins was the right man for the job. Hoskins took this offer, becoming the new Head of Security. He restructured the company, expanding Security and changing its policies and work environment on a large scale. This set InGen Security on a path to become one of the world’s leaders in contingency and peacekeeping services.

Finally, in 2002, the time came to retake Isla Nublar. InGen landed there in April, with Security led by Hoskins capturing and containing the feral dinosaurs. Most of the herbivores were loaded onto boats and shipped to Isla Sorna for the time being, while most of the carnivores were kept on Isla Nublar where they could be more closely watched. Once the dinosaurs were contained safely, construction began on Jurassic World.

2002-2005: Building Jurassic World

After landing on Isla Nublar in April 2002 and securing the island, InGen’s main directive was to construct the facilities necessary for Jurassic World. To this end, it cooperated with other subsidiaries of Masrani Global Corporation, namely Timack Construction, Mascom Telecommunications Network, and Axis Boulder Engineering. Together they accomplished more than InGen could do on its own. Within InGen, Security continued to flourish, gaining irreplaceable experience handling animals like nothing else in the world. The Genetics Division was another matter; they could not legally experiment with de-extinction due to the Gene Guard Act, so progress here was limited. Still, they could study the organisms they had already created.

Change came to InGen Genetics in 2003. In the same year that Medixal Health was founded, representatives from Masrani Global made a case for watering down the Gene Guard Act by rolling back restrictions on genetic engineering. They argued that allowing InGen to continue genetic research would have wide-ranging medical benefits, and the government accepted the proposal; there was, however, considerable corruption behind the scenes, with key government officials being bribed to pass the rollback. Nonetheless, with the Gene Guard Act no longer an obstacle, InGen got to work engineering new organisms and modifying their old ones. A “most wanted” list of organisms, including both species with incomplete genomes and those whose genomes could be modified and perfected, was developed.

Finally, InGen got the approval to begin moving animals from Isla Sorna to Isla Nublar. This was approved when Masrani Global and independent scientists discovered a sudden drop in the animal populations, which was hypothesized to be due to disease, poaching, or territorial confrontations; the real cause was, of course, overpopulation exacerbated by InGen in the late 1990s. Beginning in early 2004 with the relocation of two Brachiosaurus from the original park, InGen rounded up and transported (supposedly) all the animals from Isla Sorna by early 2005. Not all of these were easy; the Velociraptors were a particularly difficult lot, as they would organize to resist efforts at capturing and transporting them. In order to control these creatures, their collective intelligence had to be bested; moving them one at a time was the best way to do this. The Pteranodons were also difficult, since they could break out of most glass enclosures and would do so eagerly when presented with the chance.

Jurassic World was a highly secretive operation, despite the park’s existence and opening date being revealed to the public in 2002. Hoskins and the Security Division as a whole kept a tight watch over their operations, with the Asset Containment Unit being established to maintain the animals. Its original boss, a man named Oscar, was entrusted by Hoskins to oversee Isla Nublar during this time and protect it against corporate espionage. While Oscar believed that corporate spies would try to physically invade the island, Simon Masrani disagreed and instead focused on cybersecurity. In reality, both physical and digital attacks threatened Jurassic World as it was built, with technological patents leaking online and drones photographing construction sites.

An internship program was held in 2004. Originally beginning in secret in January with a select few university students being invited to participate, the interns oversaw the introduction of the brachiosaurs to what would eventually become Gyrosphere Valley. Health issues affected some of the dinosaurs, particularly a form of throat abscess of unknown source. In early March, a severe thunderstorm struck the island, causing a power outage and forcing a temporary evacuation of the island. In the chaos, an intern named Isobel James died in a car crash; her death threatened to get Masrani’s insurance revoked and cause an investigation, so it was covered up. The internship program was put on hiatus until August, when it was rebranded Bright Minds and took in a wholly different set of interns. Evidence of the original program was buried. The second program yielded a number of successful interns, including future Operations Manager Claire Dearing, but also ended in disaster. Two of the interns were involved in corporate espionage for Masrani’s rival Mosby Health, while a third was mauled to death by a Velociraptor shortly after it was transported to the island. This program was shut down as well, with the incidents being buried as to not slow down park construction.

By early 2005, the shipments from Isla Sorna had concluded, and a total of eight species were ready for exhibition. Jurassic World opened its gates on May 30.

2005-2015: The golden age of InGen

Construction of the park completed in 2005, shortly before its May 30 opening day. Jurassic World was a major success for all of Masrani Global, but this taste of victory was sweetest for InGen, which had not had a significant success in over twelve years. Finally, the purpose that it had been created for was achieved, and Jurassic World saw 98,120 visitors over the course of June.

Working with other Masrani Global subsidiaries was beneficial to all areas of InGen, and Security specifically benefited from having access to new technologies that InGen itself did not develop. These included remotely-operated vehicles, which InGen Security made extensive use of over the next few years. In 2007, Security collaborated with Mascom and Aerospace Dynamix to develop new drone technologies that would change the playing field with regards to surveillance and reconnaissance. The park also forged partnerships with companies outside the Masrani Global umbrella; Samsung, for example, sponsored the park’s Innovation Center, while the Guitierrez cattle ranch was contracted to provide meat to the carnivore exhibits. Jurassic World continued to show great success for all of InGen’s divisions, providing the company with merchandising and franchising opportunities that it had sought for more than a decade.

InGen and Masrani Global did recognize, however, that Jurassic World had to be dynamic. Just because it had opened successfully did not mean that its mission was concluded. Among the chief concerns was the fact that the general public, while enthralled with the animals, was gradually becoming attenuated to them by exposure. This could be combated by opening new attractions and introducing new animal species, which always resulted in a spike in attendance. However, doing so also increased the park’s operating costs, which were already astronomical by necessity of the kind of work transpiring there. The end result was a continuous rise in operating costs while revenue from sales formed a pattern of sharp rises followed by gradual plateaus. The Board of Directors, as well as some other high-ranking employees such as Vice President of Security Vic Hoskins, feared that one day Jurassic World’s operating costs would exceed its revenues.

A board meeting was held with Simon Masrani on April 4, 2008 to address this concern. The meeting concluded with an agreement that the solution lay in artificial hybrid speciation, a science developed by Dr. Wu in 1997 with Karacosis wutansis. By applying these techniques to animal species, the Board and Masrani believed that entirely new species could be created and draw in more investors and increase ticket sales dramatically enough to offset the rising cost of the park. This proposal was brought to Claire Dearing’s desk, and with her signature of approval, it was put into action. Masrani personally informed Wu of the proposal and authorized him to do whatever it took to create a new, “cool” dinosaur to awe the public. Wu and his team got to work.

InGen also welcomed back an old familiar face: Sir Benjamin Lockwood, who had grown regretful that he never made amends with Hammond after their falling-out and sought to right the wrongs of the past. Lockwood was now using his foundation to benefit causes he believed in, hoping to create a better world for the young generation. To accomplish this, his aide Eli Mills facilitated many of his business partnerships, including one with Jurassic World. This was a particularly important partnership to Lockwood, since he could now provide financially for the animals he had helped create so many years ago.

By this time, the Security Division was so independent of the rest of InGen that it was treated almost as its own company, and Hoskins frequently challenged his superiors’ orders. This was best exemplified in the Integrated Behavioral Raptor Intelligence Study (I.B.R.I.S.), which began in 2012. Simon Masrani intended for this program to study the social intelligence and behaviors of Velociraptor and other eumaniraptoran dinosaurs, the idea being that if they could be understood and better predicted, they could be safely integrated into Jurassic World. Hoskins, on the other hand, believed that they could be trained for combat and used as military animals. Masrani, and most of the company, opposed Hoskins’s aims, but from 2013 onward he worked on an application to use the project’s raptors in a field test.

InGen Security oversaw I.B.R.I.S. at a facility on Isla Nublar, hiring former U.S. Navy animal trainer Owen Grady as the lead researcher. Around the same time, InGen’s Dr. Kate Walker began research on Troodon in a parallel project to I.B.R.I.S., using a unique specimen named Jeanie as her behavioral subject. Assisting her was Dr. Martin Riley, a neurobiologist whose aim was to better understand the emotional intelligence of dinosaurs as to provide for their needs in Jurassic World. To achieve his aims, he developed a headset to record the brainwaves of the animals, which would be fed to a tablet and interpreted. This array was affectionately named the “Dino-Decoder,” since its purpose was to create a meaningful translation of the dinosaur’s brainwaves to describe its emotional state.

2012 also saw Dr. Wu’s hybridization project come to fruition. Two specimens were hatched, belonging to a species InGen named Indominus rex. This name was chosen for marketing purposes, intending to suggest a frightful predator while also being easy to pronounce. Hoskins had also had a say in this project, this time without Masrani’s knowledge. He convinced Wu to design the animal for combat, permitting it to easily hide itself and giving it superior intelligence along with alarmingly large size. Few employees were aware of this corruption; not even Claire Dearing, the Operations Manager, was informed about the modifications made to the Indominus genome. Funding for this program was provided by Eli Mills; while Benjamin Lockwood may have been aware of the Indominus as an upcoming park attraction, Mills knew of Hoskins’s plans and hoped to profit off of the results when they were sold.

Hoskins intended to use InGen’s Genetics Division to the benefit of Security by turning bioengineering into a weapon, which could be sold exclusively to the United States Armed Forces. While he was public about his intentions with I.B.R.I.S., his plan to genetically engineer optimized combat animals was clandestine. Masrani was unable to visit the island between 2012 and 2015, and with Dearing increasingly busy as the park grew, Hoskins and Wu furthered their plans with little hindrance. As a matter of fact, both Dearing and Masrani fully trusted Wu, and believed that while Hoskins had outlandish ideas about militarizing InGen technology, he would never be able to actually go through with it. To that end, the park went on as normal.

At some point, the Jurassic World brand became a sponsor of youth track star Yasmina Fadoula, who gave them advertising in exchange for her career being funded.

Genetics continued to amass a larger and larger library of genetic data. 2012 was a momentous year not only for Security and Operations, but also for Genetics, with construction beginning on a Siberian facility called Martel. The site was chosen because of evidence that a herd of woolly mammoths were preserved in the permafrost underneath, which would provide InGen with new sources of DNA. Martel was completed by November 15, 2015, and the drilling operation lasted the next eighteen months. By the end of 2014, InGen’s genetic library was the largest of its kind in the world.

In January of 2015, Simon Masrani announced a $225 million boost to InGen to further its ongoing projects, most of which went to Security. Hoskins was now deeply involved at Jurassic World as the completion of the Indominus exhibit neared and I.B.R.I.S. showed progress. InGen Security assisted Mascom with the installation of scanning technology in Isla Nublar’s Sector 5 on January 30, which would help to increase park safety and security. Hoskins hired a new Director of Special Operations that year, Kurt Reed, who took a special interest in Jeanie and the Dino-Decoder.

March saw another benefit to InGen Genetics, as a peat bog rich in organic matter dated at 66 to 16 million years in age was discovered in the United Arab Emirates by Masrani Oil. Henry Wu spoke positively about this discovery, stating in a scientific journal that ancient DNA could help medical research performed by Medixal Health. By studying the genes of prehistoric diseases, InGen and Medixal Health could prevent future epidemics through achieving a thorough understanding of pathogen evolution.

The Indominus exhibit should have opened that July, but there were new mounting issues surrounding the animal. By this time, one had cannibalized the other, leaving a single survivor; it not only showed abnormal levels of aggression, but was growing larger and faster than anticipated. Construction on Paddock 11, where it was housed, had to be extended. Its feeding regimen was also altered after it nearly dismembered a worker; rather than deliver food through grates in the paddock wall, whole skinned steers were now delivered via crane. Although the Indominus was not yet ready for exhibition, the public now knew that a new theropod was on the way and ticket sales had skyrocketed as expected. InGen gave guided hatchery tours that May, as had been planned. Exhibition of the Indominus was delayed again, this time to January 2016.

To further draw in guests and increase revenues, Simon Masrani authorized the establishment of a vacation adventure camp on Isla Nublar called Camp Cretaceous. Managed by InGen Operations, the camp intended to capitalize on Jurassic World’s peak tourist seasons during the summer and winter American school holidays; when completed, hundreds of youths would experience a behind-the-scenes look at the park, hopefully cultivating the kind of interest in science that InGen looked for in future employees. A trial run of the camp, with only six campers and two counsellors, was held that winter. Four of the campers (Sammy Guitierrez, Kenji Kon, Ben Pincus, and Yasmina Fadoula) were chosen for their connections to the park; the fifth was social media star Brooklynn, who was chosen in the hopes that she would give the park publicity among young audiences. The sixth camper was picked via lottery in the form of an online virtual reality video game; its winner was Darius Bowman. The campers arrived to Isla Nublar on December 19.

Two days later, Simon Masrani also arrived to the island to see the Indominus. After finally witnessing his new dinosaur, he requested that the I.B.R.I.S. researcher Owen Grady be brought in to inspect the paddock alongside Dearing, since he had prior experience with the successful containment of intelligent animals. During the inspection, it was mistakenly assumed that the hybrid had escaped due to it failing to appear on thermal scans of the paddock; Dearing left for the control room to supervise a tracking and capture attempt, while Grady took it upon himself to enter the paddock without his superiors’ authorization and discern the nature of the escapee. However, the animal had not actually escaped, and was still inside the paddock; as a result, two employees were killed and the Indominus breached containment. InGen Security personnel were clandestinely brought to the island to deal with the ensuing opportunity.

Hoskins took advantage of the escape to push for an I.B.R.I.S. field test, which Masrani once again declined; however, while the guests were evacuated to Sector 3 for their safety, Masrani died in a helicopter crash in the Aviary. This caused a mass escape of pterosaurs, which flocked to the Jurassic World Lagoon and came into conflict with the evacuating tourists. Scores of injuries resulted, and the Board of Directors gave Hoskins full authorization to get the situation under control. This allowed him to commandeer Isla Nublar and all of its resources, sending the normal employees to evacuate while his Security staff took over. I.B.R.I.S. was given its field test, but this ended in failure. By the end of December 22, all but one of the raptors lay dead, numerous staff including Hoskins had perished, and Jurassic World had no hope of ever reopening. The Indominus had been killed, and Henry Wu was evacuated to the Lockwood estate where Mills would shelter him from the law. Kurt Reed took charge of directing InGen at this stage, appropriating Jeanie when her caretakers were evacuated. Isla Nublar was mostly abandoned by the next day.

2015-present: An uncertain future

The incident at Jurassic World was, unimaginably, an even worse disaster for InGen than the original 1993 incident had been. This one could not be swept under the rug, and thanks to the technology of the Digital Age, none of it happened behind closed doors. Henry Wu was nowhere to be found and could not represent himself in the legal inquiries that followed, which resulted in him being stripped of his credentials and the InGen facilities he had used being raided by the U.S. government authorities. Many InGen assets were seized, including all of his hybrid genome samples.

Claire Dearing, like many InGen employees, lost her job due to the incident as the company slimmed down by eliminating all park-related positions. She became a strong critic of InGen and all of Masrani Global during the ensuing investigations, speaking at a public testimonial to refocus the public’s anger on the guilty parties rather than the animals. Some InGen employees came forward to reveal further examples of corruption within the company, inspired by Dearing’s courage.

Genetics suffered drastically due to the loss of Wu and many valuable assets, and Security had to take projects such as I.B.R.I.S. into intense secrecy to avoid being halted. Kurt Reed continued to research Jeanie and his Velociraptor specimens with the help of scientist Dr. Gordoff, but this too was brought to an end in June 2016 when Drs. Kate Walker and Martin Riley raided the InGen Security facility in the Atacama Desert to retrieve Jeanie. A chase ensued to Isla Nublar, and during this international conflict, numerous Security personnel including Reed himself died. This effectively ended I.B.R.I.S., and brought even more disaster to InGen Security.

The aftermath of the 2015 incident still impacts InGen. Today, it is no longer at the forefront of genetic research, having been overtaken by rivals such as BioSyn Genetics and Mantah Corporation. With the worst financial crisis in Masrani Global’s history still ongoing and the corporation trying to distance itself from de-extinction, it is no longer certain whether InGen will have a major role to play in the future of genetic research at all.

Divisions

Corporate Development and Operations
Board of Directors

Above even the CEO, CFO, and President, the Board of Directors are a group of people who are the ultimate authority at InGen. Their main function is to approve or decline plans proposed by other levels of management through corporate resolutions, which at InGen are determined by majority vote. Directors set policies, control the flow of resources in the company, and ensure that legal regulations are being followed. Each member of the Board has an equal say, but the Chairman acts as the top authority within the Board and facilitates communication with upper management such as the CEO.

Most of the members of the Board are currently unnamed, with only a man named Mr. Nicholas being identified as a Board member as of December 1996. It is possible that Peter Ludlow was a member of the Board prior to becoming CEO in December 1996; it is also possible that a mostly-unknown but important employee named Maquire may have been on the Board as of June 12, 1993. The number of Board members has fluctuated over time as Director positions open or are eliminated; as of late 1996 there were at least twenty-one Directors. From 1998 onward, InGen has been owned by Masrani Global Corporation, and Masrani Global’s Board of Directors seems to have acted in the stead of InGen’s own; it is currently unknown whether InGen has a separate Board from its holding company.

Chief Executive Officer

As InGen’s highest-ranked executive official, the Chief Executive Officer makes all the major decisions regarding the company’s operations. This means that the CEO must coordinate with all seven Vice Presidents to gain a full picture of InGen’s condition and determine how best to move it forward. The CEO manages InGen’s resources, and also facilitates communication between the Board of Directors, other corporate-level employees, and the Vice Presidents. The CEO answers only to the Board of Directors.

This position was held by Dr. John P. A. Hammond from 1975 until December 1996. It was then held by Peter Ludlow from December 1996 until his death on November 4, 1997. InGen was bought by Masrani Global Corporation in 1998; the CEO of Masrani Global, Simon Masrani, seems to have acted in the capacity of InGen’s CEO from then until his death on December 22, 2015. It is not known whether InGen still has a CEO separate from that of Masrani Global Corporation.

Chief Financial Officer

The Chief Financial Officer is responsible for overseeing the expenditures and budgets of all InGen’s departments. Duties of the CFO include financial planning, strategizing to play to InGen’s financial strengths and weaknesses, and tracking cash flow coming into, going out of, and moving within the company. The CFO reports to the Board of Directors.

This position may have been held by Benjamin Lockwood from 1975 until the early 1990s, but it is not confirmed whether this was his position at InGen.

President

The main function of InGen’s President is to allocate resources and provide a strong source of leadership for the divisions. The President works with the Board of Directors and other executive officers to make short-term and long-term plans for InGen’s future regarding budgets, assets, and operations. The President reports to the Board of Directors.

From 1975 until December 1996, this position was held by Dr. John Hammond, who also occupied the position of Chief Executive Officer. It is not currently known whether his successor as CEO, Peter Ludlow, also took the position of President; if not, the position likely went to one of Hammond’s top picks for the next CEO, Dr. Stephen Jackson or Melissa Shenkin. Following the company’s brush with bankruptcy and buyout by Masrani Global, it is unknown whether the corporate structure still supports a President.

Vice President: Head of Corporate

The corporate division includes InGen’s highest level of administration and is responsible for making decisions that impact every facet of the company. Its Vice President represents this position of authority and outranks the other Vice Presidents.

As of June 20, 1996, this position was held by G. Brenner.

Corporate Executives

Various other corporate-level executive employees, who report to the Vice President of Corporate, are employed by InGen. They hold a variety of leadership and decision-making roles, possibly including InGen’s ever-important legal department.

As of June 20, 1996, InGen’s corporate executives included R. Bension, Craig Borten, S. Climan, S. Eisinger, C. Freidman, B. Gault, H. Geier, N. Ghazarozian, D. McNeff, S. Moses, F. Mussenden, L. Stables, and J. Yeager. An employee who worked at InGen as of June 12, 1993 named Mr. Parker may have worked at the corporate level. If the corporate department included InGen’s legal department, at least one attorney has been identified working in that capacity as of November 1997.

Human Resources
Vice President: Head of Human Resources

One of InGen’s core divisions is Human Resources, a vital establishment since InGen employs thousands of people from across all disciplines. Human Resources is responsible for hiring and firing of employees, granting time-off requests, paying salaries, addressing complaints, and countless other duties, and the Head of Human Resources is in charge of overseeing all of this. It is considered one of the most powerful InGen divisions, alongside Security.

This position was held by Melissa Shenkin from December 18, 1987 until at least November 1997.

Personnel Director

Assisting the Head of Human Resources is the Personnel Director, who is responsible for managing and supervising all of the Human Resources employees. Responsibilities of this position also extend into other departments; the Personnel Director makes recommendations on hiring, salary, training, and other functions.

This position was held by Maria Dillinger from October 23, 1989 until at least November 1997.

Employee Relations Manager

InGen’s Employee Relations Manager is essential in maintaining a positive and encouraging work environment by promoting cooperation, teamwork, and respect among InGen employees. This department has long been a vital one; InGen knows all too well what can happen when employees become dissatisfied or feel disrespected, especially in the sensitive projects this company often runs. Employee Relations exists to safeguard against such unfortunate incidents. The Employee Relations Manager reports to the Head of Human Relations.

This position was held by David deVos from August 6, 1994 until at least June 20, 1996.

Guest Relations Manager

While InGen planned and eventually operated public attractions, maintaining a positive public standing was vital to its success as a company. To that end, the Guest Relations Manager was responsible for keeping tabs on what customers wanted and how pleased they were with the facilities offered at InGen attractions, as well as suggesting new plans to better appeal to guests. The Guest Relations Manager reports to the Head of Human Resources. This position has been marred by at least three major incidents at InGen parks, with two occurring before their respective parks could open and a third occurring very publicly in 2015. This final incident caused the permanent closure of Jurassic World and ended InGen-run parks for the foreseeable future, making the Guest Relations Manager position unnecessary.

This position was held by King Mosely from July 5, 1993 until at least June 20, 1996.

Customer Service Staff

As with any company that interacts with the public, a thoroughly friendly and helpful customer service department drastically improves InGen’s standing. Customer Service is there for InGen’s clients, either over the phone or in person, directing their questions to the relevant authorities and providing them with services that improve their experience. These positions were especially important between 2005 and 2015, when Jurassic World was operational. While the Hilton Resort was probably staffed with Hilton employees, other resorts on the island (as well as some of the services that came with particular ticket packages) were managed by InGen. All Customer Service staff reported either directly or indirectly through a chain of command to the Guest Relations Manager.

While few Customer Service employees have been identified, Jurassic World employed concierges to help their wealthier customers. Two known concierges were Miguel and Guillermo.

Marketing
Vice President: Head of Marketing

As one of InGen’s core departments that has existed since the company’s inception, Marketing is one of its key components to success. Its Vice President leads this department in advertising InGen’s products and services to potential clients and customers, thereby boosting the company’s visibility and potential consumer base. Marketing has been a lifesaver to InGen during times of financial difficulty, such as the crisis beginning with the 1993 incidents and ending with the 1997 Masrani Global buyout.

This position was held by Christopher D’Angelo from July 26, 1989 until at least June 20, 1996.

Director of Advertising and Promotions

In order to draw in customers, InGen needs to spread the word about its products, and the Director of Advertising and Promotions is responsible for this. Commercials and other advertisements are distributed in various media including television and films. As time went on, advertisement also moved to the digital realm with the invention of viral marketing. This would have been the main way that tickets to Jurassic World were sold. The Director of Advertising and Promotions reports to the Head of Marketing; there were talks as of 1996 about making Advertising its own division, but there is currently no evidence that these plans were put in action.

This position was held by Meghan Stephan from February 6, 1993 until at least June 20, 1996.

Director of Graphic Arts

An important aspect of advertising is the visual component, and the Director of Graphic Arts is in charge of creating visually-appealing commercials to grab the interest of potential customers. This director is the highest-ranking artist employed by the company, and was probably in charge of creating many of the visuals at Jurassic Park and later Jurassic World. The Director of Graphic Arts reports to the Director of Advertising and Promotions.

This position was held by Roland Plukas from July 26, 1991 until at least June 20, 1996.

Security
Vice President: Head of Security

InGen Security is one of the company’s oldest, largest, and most successful divisions, having been around since the beginning. Its Vice President holds a corresponding amount of power in the company and has historically held sway over the Board of Directors. While InGen Security was originally a small division dedicated to protecting InGen employees on the job at Jurassic Park as well as guarding company facilities, it was reconstructed in the early 2000s into a globe-spanning peacekeeping service utilized by governments and other entities. Its wide range of services and its clientele have made InGen Security one of the company’s most controversial divisions. As of 2015, this division has a separate motto from the rest of InGen: Direct. Alert. Safe.

This position was held by J. Petrola as of June 20, 1996; she is shrouded in secrecy and may have been InGen’s original Head of Security. In late 2001, this position was given to Vic Hoskins, who held it until his death on December 22, 2015. From then until June 2016, it was possibly held by Kurt Reed, who was also the Director of Special Operations; it is not known who has succeeded Reed following his death in 2016.

Director of Training

As InGen Security grew into a larger entity providing peacekeeping and contingency services among other things, it needed improved training methods and techniques in order to optimize its effectiveness. Vic Hoskins established the Director of Training position to facilitate this. The Director of Training is responsible for getting all new InGen Security soldiers, officers, guards, and operators into top shape, and reports to the Head of Security.

As of 2015, this position was held by Hugh Winchester.

Director of Internal Security

With so many secretive projects at InGen, the Senior Director of Internal Security is an extremely important aspect of the company. This employee leads the division which combats hackers, corporate spies, and other enemies and rivals of InGen. Most of the employees working under this Director are on-site at InGen facilities. Historically, the Internal Security department has been one of InGen’s most criticized divisions, with accusations and implications of corruption marring its past. The Director of Internal Security reports to the Head of Security.

This position was previously held by James Boutcher. His hiring date is classified, but he was employed as of June 20, 1996. It is believed that he no longer holds this position and was replaced by Vic Hoskins, who was also the Head of Security. Hoskins held this position, as well as probably the Director of Internal Security position, from 2001 until his death in 2015, meaning that these three positions were probably consolidated when InGen Security was reorganized.

Director of Special Operations

A position probably created after Hoskins rebuilt InGen Security, the Director of Special Operations was in charge of this division’s more clandestine projects. Much of what this Director does is not publicly known, other than the illegal continuation of the I.B.R.I.S. Project carried out in 2016 at a secret facility in Chile. The Director of Special Operations reports to the Head of Security.

From mid-to-late 2015 until his death in June 2016, this position was held by Kurt Reed.

Head of Visitor Security

During the time of Jurassic World, InGen saw more than twenty thousand people each day arrive to and depart from Isla Nublar, and each visitor presented the possibility of corporate espionage. While all members of Security were tasked with protecting the park, its guests, and its employees, the Head of Visitor Security was in particular responsible for ensuring that the park and guests were both adequately protected from the threats they could present to one another. The Head of Visitor Security reported to the Director of Internal Security, or the Head of Security.

As of 2015, the Head of Visitor Security was Tracey Robinson. After the December 22, 2015 incident closed Jurassic World, this position became unavailable.

Security Officers

These are the rank-and-file security guards employed at InGen facilities. Their duty is to maintain their post or patrol, ensuring that only individuals with the proper clearance can enter, and that sensitive assets are not removed without authorization. Security Officers report to the Director of Internal Security.

One example of an Internal Security Officer at InGen was Barney, a security guard employed in Jurassic Park at the East Dock checkpoint; it is unknown if he continued to work at InGen after the 1993 incident. As of 1997, people employed as Internal Security Officers stationed at the InGen waterfront complex and Jurassic Park facility in San Diego, California included Jerry Randall, Berner, Gomez, Hampton, Cray, Smith, Wilson, Leon, and many others. They witnessed the 1997 incident that November, and it is unclear whether they remained at InGen afterward.

Head of Asset Containment Unit

At Jurassic World, one of the foremost purposes of Security was the safe containment of animal assets, which was the task of the Asset Containment Unit. The head of this department was in charge of directing all ACU activity on the island, and would also assist other aspects of Security such as guest protection and anti-espionage services. ACU was generally seen as one of the lower-ranking departments in the Security Division, despite having had the highest authority within Jurassic World itself. They were viewed as probably the least controversial part of InGen Security, and were probably the least corrupt. The Asset Containment Unit reported to the Head of Visitor Security.

As of the summer of 2004, this position was held by a man named Oscar. Following the 2015 incident, the ACU has been disbanded, and this position therefore no longer exists.

ACU Commanders

Each squad of ACU was lead by an experienced Commander, who would act as the commanding officer during missions to contain and control problematic animals. The ACU Commander was generally preferred to have had prior experience in combat, animal handling, or crowd control. Each one reported to the Head of ACU.

As of December 22, 2015, two ACU Commanders included Katashi Hamada and Austin. The former died during the incident on that day. Since Jurassic World has now closed, the ACU has been disbanded.

ACU Troopers

These were the highly-trained and reliable security personnel of the Asset Containment Unit, most of whom had prior combat experience. These included the standard Troopers and the more specialized Gunners, who were trained on heavier weaponry; some of these weapons were developed specifically by InGen for Jurassic World and could be found nowhere else. Each ACU Trooper belonged to a team headed by a Commander, who they reported to.

A trooper named Ryan worked at the park as of the summer of 2004. ACU Troopers working on Commanders Hamada and Austin’s teams as of December 22, 2015 included Spears, Meyers, Miller, Craig, Cooper, Lee, and several others; of these, only Meyers survived the incident. A number of other ACU Troopers perished during the chaos, though a fair number survived. Another trooper named Oscar, not to be confused with the original Head of ACU, worked at Jurassic World at the time it closed; he remained with InGen Security until June of 2016, at which point he became disillusioned with the company’s aims and defected.

Paddock Supervisors

Among the most important ACU duties was the maintenance of secure paddocks. While most of the dinosaurs were kept in check by their subdermal RFID implants, which would shock them if they strayed outside their designated zones, many were also restrained by physical barriers. These included many of the carnivores. Paddock Supervisors were employed to ensure that paddock walls were well-maintained, electric fencing was operational, and any weak points were dealt with. Paddock Supervisors reported to the Head of ACU.

As of 2015, the lead Paddock Supervisor was Eric Edelstein. Each paddock had a specified Supervisor; for example, the Paddock Supervisor for Paddock 11 was Nicholas Letting (until his death during the 2015 incident). After the incident on December 22, 2015, InGen no longer operates de-extinction parks and therefore no longer employs Paddock Supervisors.

Director of External Security

The counterpart to Internal Security, this director is responsible for ensuring InGen is protected from outside threats (as opposed to internal threats such as corporate espionage). Following the division’s reorganization in the early 2000s, this department now also covers InGen’s contingency services offered to governmental, corporate, and private clients around the world. The Director of External Security reports to the Head of Security.

This position was held by Kevin Davis from June 23, 1990 until at least November 1997. It is believed that it was then held by Vic Hoskins from 2001 until 2015; at that time Hoskins was also the Director of Internal Security as well as the Head of Security, meaning that these three positions were consolidated at that point.

Strategist

When conducting operations outside of InGen properties, strategic planning can be nothing short of exceptional if the company is to maintain its record. This is the job of InGen’s Strategist, who analyzes situations and plots out a course of action based on known and theorized weak points using all available data. These plans are relayed to all External Security operatives. The Strategist reports to the Head of External Security.

As of 2015, this position was held by Drew Leggett.

Security Contractors

These employees are in charge of directing the actions of InGen mercenaries and other lower-ranking Security personnel. They are essential in InGen’s multinational peacekeeping missions and asset protection services, though they typically do not see combat themselves. Security Contractors report to the Head of Security.

An unidentified Security Contractor was involved in the 2015 Isla Nublar incident.

InGen Soldiers

When Vic Hoskins restructured InGen Security Division in the 2000s, he expanded it into a truly international venture with paramilitary services based on the U.S. Armed Forces, which he had previously served in. Contingency, peacekeeping, and drone operation are only a few of the functions InGen now provides, with teams of mercenary soldiers acting in this capacity. While most of the internal hierarchy of the InGen soldiers is not known, they all report to their respective Contractor.

As of the incident on December 22, 2015, examples of InGen soldiers included J. Levin, G. Batoon, T. Alexander, and J. Sutherland. Notably, an unnamed InGen soldier portrayed by Chad Randall was a long-time veteran of InGen Security, having been a member of the 1997 Harvester expedition. All the aforementioned soldiers died during the 2015 Isla Nublar incident. A number of InGen soldiers were also involved with the incidents involving Special Operations in 2016, with some casualties reported.

Security Project Members

Sometimes, InGen Security would perform research projects that would help the rest of InGen or other Masrani Global subsidiaries. A good example of this was the Integrated Behavioral Raptor Intelligence Study, which was enacted by Hoskins as a means to understand the cognition of InGen’s more intelligent dinosaurs. The project was overseen by ACU, but animal behaviorists were employed to perform the acutal research.

The lead researcher on I.B.R.I.S. was Owen Grady, who worked on the project from early 2012 until December 22, 2015. He was joined by Barry Sembène in 2013, who also participated in the project until the incident which closed Jurassic World.

Systems Administration
Vice President: Head of Systems Administration

As with any company working in technological development, InGen needs to have the best computer systems available, and their cybersecurity needs to be watertight. This is the job of the Systems Administration Division, headed by its Vice President. Systems Administration has been around as long as InGen, and has provided for its digital needs for just as long.

This position was held by James Saunders from September 5, 1989 until at least November 1997; documentation on the InGen IntraNet suggests that he was on the verge of being fired at that point, but that Hammond’s personal dislike of his potential successor Jason Preston meant that Saunders would keep the job for the time being. As Hammond was deposed in early 1997, it is possible that this transition took place in late 1997 or sometime in 1998.

Director of Networking

This department director is responsible for ensuring that internal computer systems at InGen facilities, communication links between facilities, and communication with outside systems all remain stable and connected. The Director of Networking reports to the Head of Systems Administration.

Systems Analysts

These employees worked under the Director of Networking and reported to this authority. Their responsibilities included monitoring the network for glitches and other potential obstacles and threats. Systems Analysts were important not only to Jurassic World’s network integrity, but also to its cybersecurity.

Examples of Systems Analysts employed by InGen include Franklin Webb, who worked at the offsite tech complex in Irvine, California until the 2015 incident closed Jurassic World.

Director of Programming

This department director is responsible for guiding the company’s programmers in order to create secure, efficient, and modern computer systems with reliable and functional code. The Director of Programming reports to the Head of Systems Administration.

This position was held by Jason Preston from June 22, 1990 until at least November 1997.

Chief Programmer

At each InGen facility is a Chief Programmer, who is responsible for managing the programming of that particular project. Chief Programmers report to the Director of Programming.

Examples of Chief Programmers include Dennis T. Nedry, who was Chief Programmer at Jurassic Park until his death on June 11, 1993.

Programmers

These employees keep InGen’s computer systems up to date and debugged, ensuring that they run correctly and efficiently. They report to their respective Chief Programmer.

Examples of InGen programmers include format gabber Chaires and tour program operator Andres Ramirez, who worked in the original Jurassic Park as of June 11, 1993. An example from the InGen IntraNet is Jocelyn Kung, who worked at InGen from September 9, 1995 until at least June 20, 1996.

Genetics
Vice President: Head of Genetics

The true pride and joy of InGen during John Hammond’s day was the Genetics Division, which was founded around 1985 in order to bring to fruition his dream of de-extinction. It succeeded at this, and from then until 2015 continued to make great strides in genetic research; this division came to exceed Hammond’s dreams as early as 1997 with a breakthrough in artificial hybrid speciation. The Vice President of this division oversees all of InGen’s research, development, and information storage related to both ancient and modern DNA. Unfortunately, the loss of star researcher Dr. Henry Wu after the 2015 incident has led to InGen’s Genetics Division suffering, and its competitors have begun to overtake it.

This position was held by Dr. Stephen P. Jackson from November 3, 1986 until at least June 20, 1996.

Lead Genetic Biologist

The Lead Genetic Biologist, also called Lead Genetic Scientist or simply Lead Geneticist, is considered the foremost authority on genetic engineering at InGen. More than simply planning the course research should take, the Lead Genetic Biologist is an expert on the science involved in the process and therefore is an irreplaceable intellectual asset to the company. The Lead Genetic Biologist reports directly to the Head of Genetics, and a particularly knowledgeable person holding this position can essentially achieve full power over the Genetics Division. This position, like many within Genetics, has suffered since the loss of Dr. Henry Wu.

This position was held by Dr. Henry Wu from December 2000 until December 22, 2015, at which point Dr. Wu left the company and went into hiding.

Director of Genetic Engineering

InGen has historically used novel gene-splicing and cloning techniques to revolutionize the field of bioengineering, and the Director of Engineering is in charge of the staff who perform these feats. The Director of Genetic Engineering reports to the Lead Genetic Biologist. Since the loss of Dr. Henry Wu in 2015 as well as the incidents closing Jurassic World, InGen has become progressively less involved with genetic engineering.

Director of Genetic Research

Between 1985 and 2015, InGen was involved in cutting-edge genetic research which opened up entirely new fields of science. The Director of this department was responsible for leading the company’s researchers in such innovations. These included de-extinction, artificial hybrid speciation, and other forms of revolutionary genetic engineering. Since the incidents of 2015 and the loss of Dr. Wu, this position no longer holds the power it once had. The Director of Genetic Research reports to the Director of Genetic Engineering.

This position was held by Jake Carvey from February 3, 1991 until at least June 20, 1996.

Genetic Research Manager

An assistant to the Director of Genetic Research and reporting to that Director, the Genetic Research Manager is responsible for heading teams of scientists performing InGen’s cutting-edge studies. Since the loss of Dr. Wu in 2015 and the closure of Jurassic World, genetic research has slowed down considerably at InGen.

This position was held by Jonathan Grotenstein from October 31, 1993 until at least June 20, 1996.

Special Projects

Not much is known about this division other than it managed InGen’s more secretive genetic research, likely including topics such as artificial hybrid speciation (which gained major ground in the later 1990s and then again in the 2010s). Special Projects probably reports to the Director of Genetic Engineering. It may include the Science Requisition Team described in Jurassic Park Builder, whose function is to collect (by force, if necessary) assets of scientific value to the Genetics Department. The SRT, in L/M canon, is described as a controversial entity whose power within InGen is essentially unrestricted by the Board, allowing them to override most Corporate orders.

As of June 20, 1996, Special Projects employees included Adam Conway, Bryan Franklin, and Marcella Warren.

Chief Geneticist

At each InGen facility that performs genetic research, such as Jurassic World, the San Diego office, or Martel, a scientist would be placed in charge to direct genetic research and engineering. The Chief Geneticist reports to the Genetic Research Manager, Director of Genetic Research, or Director of Genetic Engineering.

The best-known example of a Chief Geneticist is Dr. Henry Wu, who held this position at the Jurassic Park and Site B facilities from mid-to-late 1986 until June 12, 1993. He took over the position from Dr. Laura Sorkin, who held it from 1985 until then. Wu was then Chief Geneticist at the San José facility from 1993 until 2000, and possibly held the position at other facilities such as the one in San Diego. In 2000, Wu was promoted to Lead Genetic Biologist; as of May 14, 2015 the position of Chief Geneticist at Jurassic World was held by Dr. Christopher Reddy, who had likely held it for some time since he was considered Senior Geneticist. At the clandestine InGen Security facility in the Atacama Desert as of 2016, the position of Chief Geneticist may have been held by neurobiologist Dr. Gordoff, who was declared missing, presumed dead in June that year.

Genetic Biologists

Both employed and intern genetic biologists are used by InGen to conduct all manner of biological research, which projects such as Jurassic World relied heavily upon for success. While they each work on different projects and have their own specialties, all Genetic Biologists report to their facility’s Chief Geneticist.

Examples of Genetic Biologists employed by InGen during the pre-Jurassic World period included Researchers Curtis and Bridges, who worked at the San José facility as of 2000, and Dr. Laura Sorkin, who was formerly a Chief Geneticist before being demoted in 1986. She retained her position until June 12, 1993, at which point she was branded a terrorist but then died minutes later. She had an assistant, David Banks, who died the previous day. Genetic Biologists employed during the Jurassic World operational period included Gregory, who worked in the hatchery as of 2004, Jamie, an assistant to Dr. Wu in 2004, Dr. Ryan Crest, who appears to have started as an intern sometime by 2014, Monica Collins, a clinical geneticist as of 2015, and Eddie, who died during the 2015 incident. There were many others, not all of whom have been identified.

Director of Marine Biology

As time went on, InGen expanded its genetic library to include not only terrestrial organisms, but marine ones as well, beginning with a Tylosaurus in the early 1990s. In order to facilitate the engineering and research of marine organisms, InGen established the Marine Biology Department, led by its Director. This department was responsible for studying its oceanic assets to best determine how to put them on display, including genetic modifications necessary to help them survive in a modern-day ocean environment. It may have also studied the freshwater and estuarine species at their disposal, including how terrestrial animals and plants interacted with aquatic environments. The Director of Marine Biology reported to the Chief Geneticist of their facility. Like many positions within Genetics, this position is less relevant now that InGen has lost Dr. Wu and no longer operates de-extinction theme parks.

This position was held by Nicholas J. Scaturro from March 3, 1994 until at least June 20, 1996. Notably, Scaturro was InGen’s 625th employee.

Marine Biologists

These scientists were responsible for studying InGen’s marine creations and determining how best to provide for their needs. As with the Director of Marine Biology, there is little need to continue employing Marine Biologists in general after the closure of Jurassic World in 2015.

Examples of Marine Biologists employed by InGen include someone with the initials N.H., who worked at the Marine Facility in 1993 and was therefore one of InGen’s first Marine Biologists. Later, some of the announcers at the Jurassic World Lagoon attractions such as Sarah may have been in the Marine Biology department.

Paleohorticulturists

InGen brought to life more than just animals: by 2015, they had recreated over two thousand species of prehistoric plants, and the Genetics Division had created a number of hybrid species by crossing modern plant life with de-extinct varieties. The scientists responsible for breeding and tending to these unique species were called paleohorticulturists. InGen paleohorticulturists reported to the Chief Geneticist of their facilities; most worked at Jurassic World. As a result, InGen no longer has a substantial paleohorticulture department.

Biocurator

As InGen amassed genetic samples, it began to assemble a library of sorts to store them. This was an unprecedented undertaking involving the creation of a new organization and categorization system to ensure that the genomes of organisms recovered could be easily accessed by InGen’s geneticists and other researchers. To oversee the genetic library, InGen established the position of Genetics Manager, now known as the Biocurator. Today, InGen possesses the largest genetic library in the world, though the end of its famous de-extinction theme park Jurassic World means that the library is no longer growing at the rate it once did; at its peak, new species were discovered by paleogeneticists every day. The Biocurator reports to the Lead Genetic Biologist.

This position was held by Jake Carvey as of June 20, 1996, along with being Director of Genetic Research. As of May 14, 2015, this position was held by Dr. Sylvia Nurren.

Medical
Medical Director

InGen has often offered risky working environments, with international security and large-animal handling among its more dangerous ventures. InGen’s medical division, formed around 1985, ensures that its employees receive the best modern medical care the company can offer including efficient trauma response as well as long-term treatment due to on-the-job hazards. The Director of this department is the only one not listed as a Vice President; Medical holds less authority than other divisions of InGen. It is possible that, with the founding of Masrani Global subsidiary Medixal Health in 2003, InGen Medical may have been phased out.

This position was held by Dr. Saul Goode from February 15, 1991 until at least June 20, 1996.

Infirmary Staff

At many InGen facilities there is an infirmary for employees who are injured on the job. These infirmaries are staffed by paramedics, pharmacists, and other doctors whose task is to treat and care for InGen personnel. This includes the prescribing of medications if necessary. Confidential patient records are also kept here. At parks such as Jurassic World, these infirmary staff probably also cared for guests and other members of the public who were injured on the property; however, as noted above, it is possible that InGen’s Medical Division was replaced by Medixal Health by that time. Infirmary staff report to the Medical Director.

Operations
Vice President: Head of Operations

One of InGen’s Vice Presidents, the Head of Operations oversees the functions of all its facilities and projects to ensure that they run smoothly. The Operations division includes fields as diverse as finances, construction, and animal handling; it was particularly vital during the era of Jurassic World, where all of these functions came together to create a revolutionary theme park and scientific marvel. The Operations department came into being around 1985, but after the events of 2015 is less prominent at InGen.

This position was held by Tabitha Brady from December 6, 1987 until at least June 20, 1996.

Operations Manager

Formerly known as the Director of Park Management, the Operations Manager was in charge of all day-to-day activities at Jurassic Park and later Jurassic World. As the park grew to quite substantial size and complexity, the duties of the Operations Manager were extremely expansive, making this one of InGen’s most important employees during that period of time. The Operations Manager was generally seen as the highest-ranking employee in Operations below the Vice President, and reported to the Head of Operations (if not directly to Masrani Global’s CEO himself). However, since the closure of Jurassic World and the end of InGen-run theme parks, this position is probably unoccupied or disestablished.

This position was held by Arthur Newman Pyle from August 7, 1989 until at least June 20, 1996; documentation on the InGen IntraNet suggests that he was relieved from this position not long afterward. In any case, Jurassic Park: San Diego never opened, so this position was probably unoccupied between late 1997 and 2002. This position was held by Claire Dearing between 2007 and Jurassic World’s closure on December 22, 2015; it has probably been disestablished since.

Assistant Operations Manager

At particularly busy facilities such as Jurassic World, it was necessary to employ an administrative assistant to the Operations Manager to help with scheduling and keeping track of information. The Assistant Operations Manager reports, naturally, to their Operations Manager.

In Jurassic World, the Assistant Operations Manager to Claire Dearing was Zara Young. She held this position until her death during the 2015 incident, hours before the park closed permanently.

Project Manager

Whenever InGen began a new project, the Operations Department would hire a Project Manager to oversee its development until it was deemed complete. The Project Manager would work closely with whatever departments were necessary, particularly construction teams. The Project Manager reports to the Operations Manager.

The Project Manager for Jurassic World was Eli Jacobs. He most likely was employed from April 2002 when the project officially began until at least its opening date of May 30, 2005.

Park Staff Manager

Just below (and reporting to) the Operations Manager was the Park Staff Manager, who specifically was involved with directing the personnel at InGen’s de-extinction theme parks Jurassic Park and Jurassic World. This was essentially a smaller-scale version of the Personnel Director.

This position was held by Dennis South as of 2015. Following the permanent closure of Jurassic World after December 22, 2015, InGen no longer employs a Park Staff Manager.

Park Inspector

InGen employed in-company Park Inspectors during the time of Jurassic World to ensure that the park was held up to InGen’s own rigorous safety and customer satisfaction standards. These employees were responsible for ensuring that other employees were performing their duties up to the standards the company set, particularly in treating guests with respect and that attractions were properly maintained. Park Inspectors reported to the Operations Manager.

As of 2015, examples of Park Inspectors included Steven Paul. After the December 22, 2015 incident closed Jurassic World permanently, InGen ceased employing Park Inspectors.

Operations Technicians

Communication, information technology, and project implementation at InGen are just some of the services facilitated by teams of technicians who all have their own specialties and responsibilities. They allow different departments to coordinate with one another even in large facilities like Jurassic World. Technicians working in the Operations department report to the Operations Manager of their respective facility.

Not many Operations technicians from the pre-Jurassic World era are known, but one example is control room worker Stef from the original Jurassic Park who worked there as of June 1993. The people in charge of Harvest Base communications were probably from this department in November 1997. Some examples of Operations technicians who worked in Jurassic World include Lowery Cruthers, who specialized in information technology, and Vivian Krill, who specialized in communications. Due to the 2015 incident, they both lost their jobs at InGen.

Transportation Department Staff

With InGen facilities spread out far and wide, and some of the facilities such as those on Isla Nublar and Isla Sorna being expansive in and of themselves, it is necessary for InGen to employ staff members to facilitate transportation over land, sea, and air. These range from local-scale Jeep drivers to helicopter and private jet pilots to the captains and crew of cargo ships such as the S.S. Venture (the captain of which died along with much of his crew in the 1997 incident). Deckhands at InGen-run harbors, as well as the harbor masters, were probably also in this department. Members of the transportation department probably respond to the Operations Manager through a chain of command. Not much is known about their hierarchy.

Few members of this department have been named, but one who worked in the original Jurassic Park before the 1993 incident was mechanic Eugeno Ramirez. The driver trainer Brian Elliot was probably in the transportation department.

Accounting Director

The highest level of the Accounting division responsible for InGen’s financial bookkeeping. This department bills clients and customers, pays the company’s bills, manages payroll, and tracks assets, expenditures, and taxes. The Accounting Director reports to the Financial Director.

This position was held by Melvin Bleekerman from April 4, 1985 until at least June 20, 1996.

Financial Director

Among InGen’s most indispensable employees is the Financial Director, who is in charge of managing the company’s long-term financial health and growth. Guiding this company into the future through its many struggles and pitfalls is no easy task, and the Financial Director must be skilled at maintaining a profit plan, budgeting, and accounting. The Financial Director technically reports to the Head of Operations, but in practice often reported to the CEO or President directly during John Hammond’s time at the company.

This position was held by Dr. Michelle Santarosa from June 4, 1985 until at least June 20, 1996; documentation on the InGen IntraNet suggests that her exceptional performance and close relationship with Hammond would secure her the position for the foreseeable future.

Sales Department Employees

Not much is currently known about the structure of InGen’s Sales Department, but it is assumed to be not unlike that of other companies, with a leader figure overseeing the sales of goods and services to InGen’s customers, and managers working at the different facilities. These sales would be facilitated by various employees depending on the type of sale. While InGen probably employed its own cashiers and other sales representatives for internal subsidiaries such as Jurassic Traders, which served Jurassic World, other companies present in the park or other InGen facilities probably brought in their own sales representatives rather than use those hired by InGen. Employees of the Sales Department report, either directly or indirectly through their manager, to the Financial Director.

Ride Operators

Similar to the various employees in Sales, the company’s Ride Operators were one category of employee vital to the company’s continued profitability. They served customers at Jurassic World attractions during the time the park was open, ensuring that guests stayed safe and enjoyed their experience. Ride Operators did not interact directly with dinosaurs, instead operating the mechanics of attractions such as the Gyrosphere, Mosasaurus Feeding Show, and Gondola Lift. Each attraction probably had a manager who oversaw the activities of the lower-ranking employees operating said attraction. Ride Operators reported through a chain of command to the Park Staff Manager.

Ride Operators employed by InGen during the Jurassic World operational period include Josh, who was an Operator at the Gyrosphere attraction, and Sarah, an announcer at the Jurassic World Lagoon who operated at least the Mosasaurus Feeding Show. When Jurassic World closed on December 22, 2015, InGen stopped employing Ride Operators.

Director of Planning and Development

This department was responsible for running InGen Construction, which served to build many of the company’s facilities during the Jurassic Park years. This department would survey and clear land, design blueprints, and construct the buildings necessary for InGen operation. The Director of Planning and Development reported to the Head of Operations. In 1996, there was serious debate in the Operations department about making Planning and Development its own division, but this did not come to pass. In the early 2000s, this department was phased out; construction of InGen facilities has since been managed by Timack Construction, another Masrani Global subsidiary.

This position was held by Greer Glickman from August 6, 1992 until at least June 20, 1996 and probably until Timack Construction replaced this department in 2002.

Chief Engineer

Conceptualization, development, testing, and implementation of technology is essential to any InGen facility and it was the purpose of the Chief Engineer to supervise this. Whether infrastructure, electronics hardware, the power grid and water system, or tool production, the Engineering department was tasked with providing InGen with the best it could offer. A Chief Engineer was employed at each facility to oversee engineering there. Today, this role is instead occupied by employees of Timack Construction.

An example of a Chief Engineer employed by InGen was John Raymond Arnold, the Chief Engineer at Jurassic Park until his death on June 12, 1993.

Construction Team Leaders

Each of InGen Construction’s crews responded to a particular leader or foreman who in turn reported to the Director of Planning and Development. Leaders of the construction teams were responsible for supervising construction and directing the crews’ actions.

Today, InGen Construction has been largely replaced by Timack Construction, a separate company also under the Masrani Global umbrella.

Construction Workers

Teams of construction workers made up the crews who built InGen facilities in accordance with blueprints laid out by the Planning and Development department. Every team had a designated leader who these workers would report to.

InGen Construction is no longer in service, its role being filled at all Masrani Global company properties by Timack Construction.

Maintenance Director

Once facilities are established and in place, they must be kept up to code and in working order. This is the task of the Maintenance department, which is led by its director. Maintenance on electronics, water piping, heating and cooling systems, and mechanics are all vital to the sustained functionality of InGen facilities, as are aesthetic services such as groundskeeping. The Maintenance Director reports to the Head of Operations.

This position was held by Theodore Garvey from January 6, 1989 until at least November 1997.

Maintenance Team Leaders

Crews of maintenance personnel are led by a designated head member who directs each team, specializing in tasks such as vehicle maintenance, groundskeeping, plumbing, heating, power grid maintenance, and so forth. The leader of each maintenance team reports to the Maintenance Director.

Maintenance Workers

To ensure that InGen facilities remain in working order, the company employs maintenance staff who are organized into a number of teams specializing in the services each facility needs. Naturally, the number and size of maintenance crews vary based on the size, security level, and nature of the facility. Standard maintenance workers report to their team leader, who coordinates their activity.

Director of Waste Management

InGen’s Director of Waste Management is responsible for the safe, sanitary, and timely disposal of both organic and inorganic waste from InGen facilities. Since InGen sometimes uses hazardous materials in laboratory and security procedures, this position is integral to the overall safety of the company’s workplaces. The Director of Waste Management reports to the Head of Operations.

This position was held by James Beard from June 6, 1991 until at least June 20, 1996.

Janitorial Staff Leaders

In order to keep every InGen facility sanitary, teams of janitorial workers are employed at every location, with each team headed by a lead member. The leader of each janitorial staff team is responsible for scheduling the routine cleaning of the facility they are assigned to and ensuring that all the janitorial workers are familiarized with that facility’s specific cleaning procedures. Janitorial staff leaders report to the Director of Waste Management.

An example of a janitorial staff leader was Artie Bridges, who managed the Jurassic Park janitorial staff as of June 11, 1993. It is unknown if he remained at InGen after the 1993 incident.

Janitorial Staff

It is the job of InGen’s janitorial staff to maintain a clean, sanitary facility. Since each InGen facility is unique, janitors must be familiarized with their locale’s particular needs and understand how to service them. Each janitor reports to their team’s leader.

As of June 1993, one possible janitor at Jurassic Park may have been Jared Emerson-Johnson, who seems to have been friends with Artie Bridges; however, his actual position is not confirmed.

Head Chef

At any InGen facility featuring a professional kitchen, such as Jurassic Park and Jurassic World, food is planned and prepared by a Head Chef who directs the kitchen staff members.

One example of a Head Chef was Alejandro, who was the Head Chef of Jurassic Park as of June 11, 1993. It is unknown if he stayed at InGen after the 1993 incident.

Kitchen Staff

These employees are responsible for maintaining the kitchens, including everything from stocking food to preparing meals and cleaning dishes and cutlery. They work to ensure a safe and clean kitchen environment as well as providing superior food service to InGen staff and customers. All kitchen staff report to their respective Head Chef.

Director of Environmental Control

InGen facilities, especially those built on sensitive environments like Isla Nublar, are subject to environmental regulation in order to protect the local ecosystem. The Director of Environmental Control serves to ensure that InGen meets all applicable environmental regulations in terms of emissions and other pollution, as well as wildlife protection. While this position was of dubious importance in the Jurassic Park era due to the lax oversight which defined that time period of InGen’s operations, it was vitally important at Jurassic World. The Director of Environmental Control reports to the Head of Operations.

This position was held by Gregory Nelson from June 14, 1988 until at least June 20, 1996. He may not have held it for much longer as InGen was considering sending him to get a formal education with a corporate scholarship.

Assets Manager

Among the most important parts of Jurassic World was the management of animal assets, since these were really the main attraction at the park. It was the job of the Assets Manager to keep track of the health and wellness of the animals, ensure their proper containment, monitor their population growth, and direct the animal handler staff. Despite being in charge of them, the Assets Manager rarely interacted with the animals in person due to their large population size. It was also the job of the Assets Manager to keep tabs of the park’s technological and material assets. The Assets Manager reported to the Operations Manager. Due to the 2015 incident, Jurassic World has closed, and this position no longer exists.

This position was held by Claire Dearing from 2007 until the park’s closure on December 22, 2015, as well as being Operations Manager. She attained a Senior position as Assets Manager.

Director of Dinosaur Control

Also known as the Park Warden, the Director of Dinosaur Control was responsible for giving orders to the teams of Park Rangers in handling the animals at Jurassic Park and Jurassic World. The safety of animals, staff, and guests alike were in the hands of this Director. The Director of Dinosaur Control reported to the Head of Operations or Asset Manager.

This position was created around 1986 and was originally held by Robert Muldoon until his death on June 12, 1993. Following this, the position was held by Dr. Stephen P. Jackson, who was also the Head of Genetics; Dr. Jackson was the Director of Dinosaur Control as of November 1997. According to Jurassic World: The Game, this position was held by Conrad Hawksley for some time before the summer of 2015. After the incident of December 22, 2015 closed Jurassic World permanently, this position is no longer available.

Park Rangers

These employees were at the heart of Jurassic Park and Jurassic World. With a thorough understanding of animal biology and handling techniques, they were tasked with ensuring the safety of animals, guests, staff, and infrastructure in the park facilities by maintaining all of the living assets in their proper areas. Being a Park Ranger combined security, veterinary, and ecological knowledge with superior skill at the wheel or at the trigger. Park Rangers reported to the Director of Dinosaur Control or Asset Manager, but also worked closely with Security and sometimes reported to the Director of Internal Security instead of an Operations official.

Park Rangers employed by InGen include R. Rodriguez, a male Ranger who worked at InGen as of June 20, 1996. The Jurassic Park holding pen gatekeeper, Jophery Brown, who was mauled to death in early June of 1993, may have been a Park Ranger. It is likely that some of the InGen Harvesters were former Park Rangers. As of December 2015, there were still a great many Park Rangers including two named Ricky and Jerome. Following the incident of December 22, 2015, InGen no longer operates theme parks and therefore no longer employs Park Rangers.

Lead Herbivore Trainer

Protocols for dealing with herbivorous animals were different than those for carnivores, since while herbivores can certainly be dangerous, they are at least unlikely to eat a trainer. The Lead Herbivore Trainer was responsible for coordinating a team of animal behaviorists in acclimating herbivorous creatures to Jurassic World and getting them used to captivity, as well as raising young herbivores to ensure they could be integrated into their habitats in a healthy timeframe. A significant part of this was training them to respond to commands, which made them easier to handle than wild and unpredictable animals. The Lead Herbivore Trainer reported to the Director of Dinosaur Control, but a significantly skilled Lead Herbivore Trainer could command respect equal to the Director.

This position was held by a woman named Bertie as of the summer of 2004. Her second-in-command was named Sarah; if Bertie retired sometime before 2015, Sarah probably took her place. Following the incident on December 22, 2015, this position no longer exists.

Herbivore Trainers

A team of Herbivore Trainers was employed at Jurassic World to help acclimate these animals to life in the park, as well as raise the juveniles in such a manner that they could be integrated into their respective habitats. Some of the Herbivore Trainers, therefore, worked as hatchery and nursery technicians, while others worked in the habitats. Techniques for training herbivores were entirely different from those for carnivores, which as of 2004 were still hypothetical. Herbivore Trainers reported to the Lead Herbivore Trainer, and worked closely with geneticists, Asset Containment Unit, and veterinarians to achieve their goals.

Examples of Herbivore Trainers include Sarah, who worked at Jurassic World as of 2004 and was the highest-ranking Herbivore Trainer after the leader Bertie. Due to the 2015 incident, InGen no longer employs Herbivore Trainers.

Carnivore Caretakers

Unlike the herbivores, there was no established science for training carnivorous dinosaurs as of 2004 due to the carnivores’ tendency to view humans as food rather than friends. As a result, instead of trainers, InGen employed Carnivore Caretakers at Jurassic World. Like the Herbivore Trainers, they were tasked with acclimating dinosaurs to their habitats and raising the young ones to be able to survive in their habitats. Getting the carnivores used to human contact was also a goal, but this was approached with a significant amount of caution. It is not known if the Carnivore Caretakers had a leader the way the Herbivore Trainers did, but they probably reported to the Director of Dinosaur Control. As of 2015, at least one InGen Security project was in progress to establish a means of training certain carnivore species, but no genuine success had yet been had.

It is possible that Drs. Kate Walker and Martin Riley, who worked at Jurassic World as of late 2015, were Carnivore Caretakers since they worked closely with the Troodon Jeanie studying the emotional intelligence of theropods. A raptor handler on I.B.R.I.S. named Colby Boothman-Shepard may also have been a Carnivore Caretaker; he was hired to replace another employee who had been attacked by a raptor. Due to the 2015 incident, InGen no longer employs Carnivore Caretakers.

Dinosaur Maintenance Staff

Working alongside the Park Rangers were the Dinosaur Maintenance workers. Rather than dealing with the security-oriented aspects of running a de-extinction park, the Dinosaur Maintenance workers were responsible for keeping the exhibits sanitary. Their job involved cleaning water sources, providing food, and disposing of waste. Some Dinosaur Maintenance staff members also supervised attractions where visitors could interact with the animals, such as the Gentle Giants Petting Zoo. They reported to the Park Staff Manager.

Examples of Dinosaur Maintenance staff included Elsa, an employee at the Gentle Giants Petting Zoo as of the 2015 incident. After December 22, 2015 and the permanent closure of Jurassic World, InGen stopped employing Dinosaur Maintenance personnel.

Chief Veterinarian

The Chief Veterinarian was the head of InGen’s paleoveterinary team, and therefore was responsible for the health and wellbeing of all the animals of Jurassic Park and Jurassic World. It was common for the Chief Veterinarian to work directly with the CEO, due to this position’s extreme importance to the park. In the time of Jurassic Park, the Chief Veterinarian on Isla Nublar did not have authority over Site B; there was presumably a different veterinary team functioning on Isla Sorna during that period of time, but nothing is known about it. The Chief Veterinarian reported to the Director of Dinosaur Control or the Asset Manager.

This position was held by Dr. Gerry Harding between 1988 and June 13, 1993. He quit following the incident in Jurassic Park, and was succeeded by a veterinarian named Savannah; most of her tenure as Chief Veterinarian is unknown, but she was fired after her personal dislike of a particular intern led to her ignoring a health issue in the dinosaurs. She was replaced by her former assistant, Dr. Tim O’Donnell. By 2015, Dr. O’Donnell had been succeeded by Dr. Suzanne de Lange. Following the incident of December 22, 2015, InGen no longer operates de-extinction parks and thus no longer employs a Chief Veterinarian.

Isla Nublar Veterinary Services

These scientists expanded the established field of veterinary science into the past, using paleontology and evolutionary biology to study how InGen’s de-extinct animals experience disease and health in order to best treat them. The paleoveterinary staff reported to the Chief Veterinarian. Due to the permanent closure of Jurassic World, InGen no longer employs paleoveterinarians.

Paleoveterinarians employed by InGen included Suzanne Kurad, who worked at InGen as of 1996 and specialized in neurological chemistry as well as more traditional behavioral psychology. At Jurassic World, two veterinarians were named Layla and Turner as of 2004. InGen would have employed Zia Rodriguez had the 2015 incident not closed Jurassic World.

Camp Counselors

In 2015, Jurassic World debuted its upcoming adventure camp, Camp Cretaceous. While it was planned to have 150 counselors to supervise around five hundred teenage campers, a trial run held over the winter holiday that year employed only two counselors to supervise six campers. Their job, as could be expected, was to bring the campers for a behind-the-scenes experience at Jurassic World while also keeping them safe and maintaining InGen’s secrecy where necessary. The Camp Counselors reported directly to the Operations Manager.

During the brief trial run of Camp Cretaceous, the two counselors employed were head counselor Roxie and her assistant Dave. Their tenure as counselors began sometime before December 19 and ended unexpectedly on December 22 due to the incident that closed Jurassic World.

Disambiguation Links

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