Charlotte Lockwood was a British biomedical geneticist, the daughter of Sir Benjamin Lockwood and the mother of Maisie Lockwood. She is noteworthy for being the first scientist ever to perform successful reproductive human cloning, as well as curing the genetic disorder that ultimately took her life. The methods she used to cure this disorder involved a specialized form of viral vector vaccine which genetically modified every cell in the body, a method which was later adapted by Henry Wu to genetically modify insect populations in a superorganism.
She passed away due to a rare genetic disorder in early 2009 at the age of about thirty-seven. In order to preserve the secrecy of her research (human cloning is illegal in the state of California), her family created a cover story in which she died in a car accident on June 31, 2008, the year before she actually died.
Charlotte is a historically French name, translating roughly to “free person” or “petite.” The surname Lockwood is Anglo-Saxon in origin and is a habitational surname: that is, it originates from the name of a place, specifically a village in what is now a suburb of Huddersfield in West Yorkshire. All people who bear the surname Lockwood are descendants of a single family that lived in this village. It is an old name, dated as far back as the seventh century CE.
Charlotte Lockwood’s exact date of birth is not known (the original given date of August 15, 1983 is incorrect as she was roughly nine years old by December that year). She was roughly fourteen years old in early 1986, placing her date of birth in about 1972.
Charlotte was born to wealthy British family living in the United States of America. She was most likely born at the Lockwood estate near Orick, California, USA, as her father Sir Benjamin Lockwood was living there for business purposes. Her mother’s name is currently undisclosed, other than that (as the wife of Sir Benjamin) she held the title of Lady Lockwood.
Lockwood Manor’s caretaker, Iris Carroll, played a major role in Charlotte’s childhood. She was a strong maternal figure, accompanying the Lady Lockwood in tending to Charlotte’s health and education. They were never to want for anything, their family fortune now supplemented by income from International Genetic Technologies. Sir Benjamin had founded this company out of San Diego, California in 1975, when Charlotte was very young.
Though she was greatly adored by her father, he was often away on business. The young Charlotte eventually learned that his work with InGen on faraway Isla Sorna was in pursuit of de-extinction. Her father had researched this within their home’s sub-basement laboratory with his business partner Dr. John Hammond and paleogeneticist Dr. Laura Sorkin during 1985 when Charlotte was an early teenager. With the added help of Dr. Henry Wu in 1986, her father oversaw the creation of their first de-extinct animal, a Triceratops horridus, on Isla Sorna. By obtaining samples of ancient DNA from the bellies of blood-drinking parasites such as mosquitoes, InGen scientists could recreate the long-extinct genomes and clone prehistoric organisms back to life.
Charlotte came to Isla Sorna, also known as Site B, as things were beginning. The island facility was known as Site B because it was a secondary location, the production floor and testing ground for InGen’s main goal: Jurassic Park, which would exhibit the animals to the public. Charlotte, living at the Workers’ Village on Isla Sorna, had a front-row seat as new animals were cloned from Mesozoic amber inclusions in the Embryonics, Administration, and Laboratories Compound.
She not only met numerous de-extinct animals (the little ceratopsian Microceratus being among her favorites), but also the people behind these creations. Foremost among them was Dr. Henry Wu, a prodigy whose humble origins contrasted incredibly with what he was accomplishing now. Charlotte learned from Dr. Wu and the other scientists, getting a cutting-edge genetics education and plenty of hands-on experience. Since she was still young, coming to the island at roughly the age of fourteen, she retained a sense of childlike wonder about the animals. While some of the InGen employees began to view the dinosaurs as company products, to Charlotte, they were first and most importantly living, breathing creatures being brought into a new world. The animals’ welfare was as important to Charlotte as the science, and as she grew older, this came to define her outlook on de-extinction.
InGen had originally intended to build Jurassic Park in the city of San Diego where they already owned land, but Hammond eventually decided that this was not grand enough. Like with Site B on Isla Sorna, he wanted Jurassic Park to reside on a remote tropical island. Such an exotic locale would create allure that Hammond wanted to surround the Park. So, in 1985, the process of relocating had begun. Isla Nublar was already owned by InGen by the time Charlotte began living on Isla Sorna; she did not spend as much time at the Jurassic Park construction site as she did on Site B where the real work was being done, but she did visit Isla Nublar while the Park was being built. Construction was fully underway by 1988, at which point Charlotte was about sixteen years old.
Being younger than all of the Park’s scientists and probably most of the construction workers, Charlotte provided InGen with a unique way of looking at the Park. Hammond wanted it to appeal to children, who are often incredibly fascinated with dinosaurs (as Charlotte certainly was). She probably played a role in the design of attractions in the Park, such as the automated tour narrated by Richard Kiley, and the educational cartoon character Mr. DNA who explained the Park’s science to visitors. Her father kept a scrapbook of her experiences, such as visiting the recently-constructed Jurassic Park entrance gates on the tour road. Charlotte also kept record of her time on Site B, maintaining a video log for the entire time. She also spent some time on the mainland, attending New York University.
However, her father’s involvement with Jurassic Park would come to an end. Sir Benjamin believed that InGen’s advanced cloning technology could be used for more than just de-extinction. He proposed human cloning, which could be used for research, stem cell therapy, and other medical purposes. Hammond vehemently disagreed, and this controversy destroyed the men’s friendship. They parted ways before the summer of 1993, at which point Charlotte would have been about twenty-four and working as a geneticist on Site B. That summer, Jurassic Park experienced two serious safety incidents, the second of which delayed the Park’s opening indefinitely.
After the incident in June 1993, research on Isla Sorna was ramped down by Hammond. Having nearly lost his own grandchildren during the disaster on Isla Nublar, the company CEO was reconsidering his ambitions and the future of InGen. He decided to stand against exploitation of the dinosaurs, and while this was essentially Charlotte’s position as well, it meant that Site B was going to be nearly abandoned. Charlotte was among the few scientists who remained on-site. She stayed there until 1995, when the approach of Hurricane Clarissa finalized the abandonment of Isla Sorna. At around the age of twenty-three, she departed the island that had been her home for a decade.
InGen’s dark years
Throughout the mid-1990s, rumors and conspiracies about a de-extinction theme park spread throughout the public but were largely dismissed as a hoax. The same year that she evacuated Isla Sorna, in 1995, a scientist called Dr. Ian Malcolm attempted to break the truth to the public in a television interview. Despite what most people believed (and what InGen’s public relations representatives including Peter Ludlow claimed), Malcolm was being completely truthful: he was a survivor of the terrible incident in 1993, being among several members of a tour group whose endorsement would have satisfied the concerns of Jurassic Park’s insurance underwriters.
Hammond’s change of heart had not resolved any of their ongoing problems. In fact, he had made things worse with InGen, since now the Board of Directors was itching to replace him. Lockwood did not reach out during this time; he and Hammond were still bitter toward each other and not talking, even as Hammond fell ill. Charlotte, meanwhile, decided to research human cloning like her father had suggested. She probably still worked with InGen, but much of her research was also done independently at the Lockwood laboratory.
InGen’s dinosaurs had been genetically engineered by Dr. Wu to be lysine-deficient, reliant upon supplemental lysine every week for survival. However, in the last two years of Isla Sorna’s operation, the animals had not started to die off, and InGen had discovered that the dinosaurs were thriving even without any human intervention. This meant that the Park could theoretically still open, and Ludlow was planning to revive the San Diego location if he could just get Hammond fired. In December 1996, an incident took place on Isla Sorna in which a young girl on a yacht cruise was bitten by a group of Compsognathus, and InGen took the ensuing lawsuit as an opportunity to remove Hammond from the position of CEO and President. Legal proceedings began to replace him with Peter Ludlow by spring.
Ludlow’s plan was put into action in May 1997, when Charlotte was about twenty-five. Hammond, unbeknownst to anyone but his trusted few, had enacted countermoves; the two opposing operations on Isla Sorna clashed over the course of a few days. When the survivors returned, they brought with them one last hope for opening Jurassic Park: a buck tyrannosaur and its son. This botched attempt ended with the adult being accidentally released into the streets of San Diego before being recaptured and safely returned, along with its offspring, to Isla Sorna. Now the public knew about de-extinction, and there would be no going back.
Irreversible change was now coming to InGen too. Ludlow died during the incident in San Diego, and Hammond wasted no time in putting his own plans into action. He worked with the United States and Costa Rican governments to establish a set of rules, the Gene Guard Act, governing human intervention on Isla Sorna. The bill was passed that year, and Hammond passed away as 1997 turned into 1998.
Even before Hammond’s passing, it was clear that InGen had been pushed all the way to the brink. It was forced to sell out, and a bidding war had begun for its ownership in 1997. Ultimately, the multinational conglomerate Masrani Global Corporation bought InGen; its CEO, Simon Masrani, had been a close friend of Hammond’s. As per the Gene Guard Act, de-extinction research was highly restricted and access to InGen’s former island facilities tightly controlled, but activity did occur there nonetheless. It is unknown if Charlotte Lockwood was involved with a brief revival of operations on Isla Sorna in the late 1990s, which ceased around the turn of the millennium due to fears of discovery.
The age of Jurassic World
Simon Masrani had plans for InGen’s future, believing he could finish Hammond’s dream of an operational Jurassic Park. He rebuilt the Isla Nublar facility into a new park, which he named Jurassic World. Charlotte, by this time, had delved into her cloning research; Jurassic World opened on May 30, 2005, but she does not appear to have been a part of it. Her father began to seek involvement with InGen again, his memory of Hammond having softened after the latter’s death.
While Charlotte did not work at Jurassic World, she would have been a welcome visitor there. After so many years of labor on the part of her coworkers, it seems likely that Charlotte would visit Jurassic World to see the results.
Charlotte lectured at universities, meeting the famous paleobotanist Dr. Ellie Sattler. She confided in Dr. Sattler her desire to have a child, and also her concern that a child of hers would not live a full life. It was around this time, in December 2006, that she succeeded at her life’s greatest accomplishment: she managed to clone herself. Charlotte Lockwood became the first scientist ever to perform reproductive human cloning (she did not announce this, since human cloning is illegal in California, but she may have confided in her friend Dr. Sattler). Giving birth to a genetically-identical copy of herself in August 2007, she named the clone Maisie.
Unfortunately, within months of Maisie’s birth Charlotte discovered that she suffered from a serious genetic disorder, and that her child would inherit it. The condition was invariably fatal, with no known cure; in order to save herself she would have to alter the genes in every cell of her own body.
In Jurassic Park, the dinosaurs had been cured of their lysine deficiency by a scientist using a viral vector vaccine. An adenovirus delivered genetic material to each and every cell of the body, altering the dinosaurs’ DNA to help them survive. By using similar methods, Charlotte was able to develop an even more advanced version of this. On February 10, 2009, she administered the treatment to Maisie. By that time Charlotte was beginning to show symptoms of the condition.
The cure was a success. Every single cell in Maisie’s young body was genetically altered by the viral vector, completely eliminating the genetic disorder and giving Maisie a chance at living a long and healthy life. Unfortunately, this success came too late to save Charlotte herself. She had used her only dose of the vaccine on Maisie, and since her research was highly secretive, she did not have much help to make more vaccines. Her health rapidly deteriorated.
Death and legacy
Finally, the genetic disorder claimed Charlotte Lockwood’s life. She was survived by Maisie and her father Sir Benjamin, who (along with Iris Carroll) took over raising Maisie. However, the world could not know about Maisie yet, since her creation had been highly illegal. There was also the matter of her being proof that Charlotte’s advanced viral vector vaccine worked. Any genetic modification could potentially be applied to an adult organism using her methods, but it meant Maisie would be in danger of exploitation. Not only had her creation broken the law, she represented a breakthrough in medical science that any corporation would want to get its hands on. She needed to be protected.
Lockwood and Carroll understood this. In order to protect Maisie from any danger, they kept her existence a secret, known only to the most trusted manor staff. A cover story for Charlotte’s death was concocted: she was said to have died on June 31, 2008, the year before her actual date of death. The public was told she had died in a car crash along with her husband (there is no evidence she was ever married, so he may have been a fabrication too), and there had supposedly even been a celebration of life at St. Anne’s Church at 9:00am on July 5.
Aside from Lockwood and Carroll, no one knew Maisie’s real origin either; the few people who knew she existed were taught that she had been born from a surrogate mother in 2009. The story was that Sir Benjamin, distraught at his only child’s death, had turned to InGen technology for a solution and cloned her in secret. Maisie, on the other hand, was taught that she had been born naturally, but that her parents had died in a car crash when she was too young to remember. Lockwood would have to teach her the truth eventually, but this would not come until Maisie was grown up.
Charlotte Lockwood’s groundbreaking research was unknown for many years. InGen had advanced by leaps and bounds, with its preeminent scientist Dr. Henry Wu making great strides in genetic hybridization. However, the good times did not last forever; eventually Dr. Wu became disgraced as he accepted offers to perform his research for less humanitarian purposes. Moving from one secretive employer to another, he was eventually brought in by InGen’s rival BioSyn Genetics, where he worked on a clandestine program to eliminate BioSyn’s competition in agribusiness. At some point, possibly during the period between December 2015 and June 2018 when he lived at the Lockwood estate in secret, Wu learned the truth about Charlotte and Maisie. He was unable to replicate her research, being forced to acknowledge that she had rivaled him in brilliance. Her research proved beneficial not just to Wu, but for the world: BioSyn’s program had resulted in genetically-modified locusts decimating food supplies around the globe, and Wu was horrified at having contributed to the disaster. He was able to use Charlotte’s research, with help from Maisie, in the spring of 2022 to end the locust swarms. By using a viral vector vaccine, he genetically modified each locust in the global swarms the same way Charlotte had modified every cell in Maisie’s body.
Because of this, Charlotte’s research finally became known worldwide. This has revolutionary implications for medical science, improving the speed and effectiveness of genetic treatments as well as the range of treatment types available. In the coming years, numerous diseases are likely to be cured because of her. That is to be Charlotte Lockwood’s legacy: bettering medical treatments for the most vulnerable, increasing quality of life for humans and animals alike, and enhancing our understanding of the natural world. None of this would have been possible without Charlotte’s devotion and love for Maisie.
Charlotte Lockwood was among the most skilled geneticists of the modern age, by admission of Henry Wu (generally considered the world’s most brilliant geneticist himself). She had two major areas of specialty: cloning, which she probably learned from the scientists at Site B when she was growing up, and viral vector vaccines. Both of these culminated in her life’s greatest accomplishment, the creation of her clone daughter Maisie Lockwood, the first-ever human cloned for reproductive purposes. Since Charlotte suffered from a fatal heritable genetic disorder, Maisie had no chance at a long life unless she were cured. No cure for the condition existed, so Charlotte devoted her life to making one instead.
Viral vector vaccines had been used by one scientist at Jurassic Park, so it is possible Charlotte had some background knowledge on them from her time with InGen. Her methods were more advanced, using the best technology and scientific information available in 2008 and 2009 when she was working on it. Once completed, she was able to successfully inject the vaccine into Maisie and monitor as the viral vector modified the DNA of every cell in her body. The treatment completely cured Maisie, though sadly there was not enough time for Charlotte to cure herself as well.
Skill with animals
Growing up among de-extinct organisms on Isla Sorna for ten years, Charlotte Lockwood demonstrated great aptitude for working with animals. From the age of about fourteen she witnessed the creation of new species on the island and often worked alongside the scientists on Site B. In her video logs, Charlotte was often seen directly handling animals such as an adult Microceratus.
During her young adulthood, Charlotte possessed a valid U.S. driver’s license and drove a 1967 Volkswagen Sedan Beetle. Her actual skill at driving is not known. When she passed away, a cover story was created by her family involving her death in a vehicle accident; presumably, this car was used as a part of that cover story.
When she was young, Charlotte practiced ballet.
Her father described Charlotte as having a “wicked” sense of humor. She appears to have been well-loved by all those who knew her, particularly her father and her caretaker Iris Carroll. Based on her video logs, Charlotte was inclined toward flowery language and philosophical meanderings. She also had a very compassionate personality. Being easy to get along with, she worked from an early age with scientists on Isla Sorna’s Site B laboratory facilities and throughout her life befriended quite a few noteworthy people including John Hammond and Dr. Ellie Sattler.
On human cloning
Charlotte Lockwood was ardently supportive of human cloning, much like her father. She practiced it in secret, cloning herself in the laboratory despite California state laws forbidding the practice. Charlotte considered cloning to be a route not just for medical science, but also reproduction. She believed that clone children could be just as fulfilling as genetically unique ones, and that clones were deserving of the utmost care and respect just like a natural-born person.
On medical science
The most significant research breakthrough Charlotte ever made was the improvement of viral vector vaccine methodology, which enabled her to cure a supposedly incurable genetic disorder. Her discovery is now being applied to all manner of situations in the modern day, promising a new age of medical treatments. However, Charlotte had not originally set out to save the world; instead, she was only trying to give her daughter Maisie a shot at a better, longer life. This reflects Charlotte’s motivations in her biomedical research career. She had little interest in being a renowned hero or receiving accolades. Love was her true motivation, and it proved an extremely powerful one.
On de-extinction and animal rights
Having grown up around the first de-extinct animals on Isla Sorna during the 1980s and 1990s, Charlotte was wholly supportive of de-extinction as a practice. It had the potential to teach so much about life on Earth and to remind people that they play only a small part in its history, teaching a sense of humility. She was profoundly affected by the things she saw at Site B and held these memories with her for life. Animal welfare was clearly important to Charlotte, although her career mainly focused on human medicine. According to her father Sir Benjamin, she would have wholeheartedly endorsed the rescue mission to Isla Nublar proposed in 2017 had she been alive to do so.
Charlotte was adored by her father, Sir Benjamin Lockwood, who brought her to Isla Sorna to witness the creation of Jurassic Park’s creatures. She came to live on the island among the scientists, learning from them and from the animals, which set her on a career path toward becoming a biomedical geneticist. Many of Sir Benjamin’s views were passed on to her, such as her support for human cloning.
In 2007, Charlotte succeeded at cloning herself, giving birth to Maisie Lockwood the year after. She had always wanted a child, but at around the time Maisie was born, she was learning more and more that any child of hers would not live a full life, and neither would she: a fatal genetic disorder afflicted her, and it was inheritable. To ensure that Maisie would not die young, Charlotte devoted her life to studying viral vector vaccines and genetic modification. Finally, she was able to cure Maisie of the condition, giving her the ability to life a long and healthy life. She sacrificed her own to do this; by the time she confirmed that Maisie had been fully cured, Charlotte was too late to save herself. Going into the experiment, Charlotte had known she might not be able to save both of them, and chose to save Maisie without a second thought.
Her relationship with other family members are less known. Little has been said of her mother; some photographs in the Lockwood family album appear to show her playing with her grandmother at a very young age. The junior novelization mentions she had a husband who died alongside her, but this appears to have been part of the cover-up surrounding her death, since Maisie actually has no father.
At the Lockwood estate, Charlotte’s closest relationship outside of her own family was with the mansion’s caretaker Iris Carroll. According to Carroll’s own account, she acted as a maternal figure to Charlotte (a role she resumed for Maisie Lockwood). Although Carroll has a stern demeanor, she expresses very fond memories of Charlotte and was one of extremely few people Sir Benjamin trusted with the safety and wellbeing of Maisie.
It is unknown whether Eli Mills had begun working for Benjamin Lockwood by 2009, at the time of Charlotte’s death. He did not meet her, since he was not privy to her actual date of death or Maisie’s real date of birth. Other staff members at the estate, such as Lockwood’s chauffeur, may have known her prior to her death, depending on how long they worked there.
Her father Sir Benjamin Lockwood was one of the founding fathers of International Genetic Technologies Corporation, along with Dr. John Hammond. It was her father who brought Charlotte to Isla Sorna, where InGen’s Site B laboratory facility was located, though Hammond would have had to give his approval for her to see the classified facility. Charlotte did not just tour it; she ended up enjoying the lab so much that she began living full-time on Isla Sorna at the age of fourteen. She grew up there over the next ten years, surrounded by InGen’s scientists and the life they were creating.
Foremost among the scientists was Dr. Henry Wu, the facility’s chief geneticist. It is unknown how well they knew each other, but Charlotte spent much time in the lab’s nursery where the young dinosaurs lived. She, like Dr. Wu, was highly intelligent with an aptitude for genetics, so it is not unlikely she learned some of her later skills from him. She may also have known Wu’s colleague Dr. Laura Sorkin, whose research into viral vector vaccines was not unlike that which Charlotte later studied and improved upon. Charlotte grew up on Isla Sorna and eventually became a scientist herself, following in the footsteps of her role models. When she worked in the labs, Dr. Wu and others probably oversaw her; when she worked among the animals, she would have been supervised by the watchful eyes of Robert Muldoon and his InGen Security staff.
Charlotte stayed on Isla Sorna even after her father left the company in the early 1990s due to moral disagreements with Hammond. She eventually had to evacuate, along with everyone else, when Hurricane Clarissa struck the island. Despite the loss of Jurassic Park and Site B, she continued her scientific research and became a brilliant biomedical geneticist whose discoveries and accomplishments astounded even Dr. Wu. Many years later, long after her death, Wu referenced her research to end a plague of GMO locusts that he had helped to create, using Charlotte’s work to amend his mistake. He credited Charlotte Lockwood explicitly in a news interview, ensuring that her name became associated with the life-saving breakthrough. Posthumously teaching Henry Wu humility may well be among Charlotte Lockwood’s greatest achievements.
Dr. Ellie Sattler
While lecturing at American universities, Charlotte Lockwood met renowned paleobotanist Dr. Ellie Sattler, who had visited Isla Nublar in 1993 and witnessed the end of Jurassic Park. Charlotte ended up speaking with Dr. Sattler and the two scientists became friends. They shared many beliefs and values; Charlotte confided in Dr. Sattler her desire to have a child, but also her concerns that her child might not be healthy due to her genetic condition. Their friendship was brief due to Charlotte’s death in 2009, but impactful to Dr. Sattler, who recalled Charlotte fondly many years later. Based on her comments, Dr. Sattler may have known about Charlotte’s secret clone daughter.
On Isla Sorna, Charlotte bore witness to InGen’s scientists recreating forms of life that had become extinct millions of years before the first human walked the earth. The first, cloned in 1986, was a Triceratops. Charlotte’s first video log was from May that year, in which she interacted with a Microceratus in the lab; she may have been around for the very first dinosaurs created by InGen. Some of the other early dinosaurs to be created were Brachiosaurus and Tyrannosaurus; the first tyrannosaur was bred in 1988, and shipped to Isla Nublar in 1989.
As time went on, other species were added to the menagerie: Parasaurolophus, Mamenchisaurus, Apatosaurus, Pachycephalosaurus, Edmontosaurus, Stegosaurus, Baryonyx, Carnotaurus, and Pteranodon were all cloned during the later 1980s and early 1990s. Some of the last species cloned before operations ceased were Tylosaurus, Troodon, Compsognathus, Gallimimus, Dilophosaurus, Velociraptor, and Herrerasaurus. There is a good chance that she had personally met many of the dinosaurs involved with the incident in 1993, such as the three raptors which mauled a worker and indirectly led to the incident occurring. Ultimately, it was human error and deliberate sabotage that sent InGen into a financial tailspin; the dinosaurs themselves were only acting out their natural instincts.
After the financial crisis, research on Isla Sorna ramped down and eventually was abandoned as a hurricane struck the archipelago. Charlotte Lockwood was likely not able to see any of her dinosaurs for some time, but in 1997, one of the tyrannosaurs she had helped to raise appeared on the news when InGen attempted to use it to open Jurassic Park. Now with the public aware of de-extinction, the world changed. Animal rights became a major issue; Hammond attempted to establish rules regarding their treatment before he passed away, but InGen itself did not always comply.
In 2005, Jurassic World opened to the public, and Benjamin Lockwood began seeking to reconnect with InGen. It is likely that Charlotte visited the park at some point, even if she was no longer working at InGen. At the park, she could visit old dinosaurs she had raised on Isla Sorna alongside new faces.
Charlotte remained a firm supporter of de-extinct animal rights until her death in 2009.
Charlotte Lockwood is portrayed by both Elva Trill (who portrays her as an adult in Jurassic World: Dominion) and Isabella Sermon (who portrays her as a child and teenager). Charlotte Lockwood is not based on any character in Michael Crichton‘s novels, but was instead created to explore the ramifications of InGen’s advances in cloning. Director Colin Trevorrow stated that, since human cloning is more feasible than dinosaur cloning in real life, it makes for a more scientifically grounded addition to the franchise. The director of the original Jurassic Park, Steven Spielberg, agreed and found the cloning story fascinating. It takes inspiration from Michael Crichton’s non-Jurassic novels, such as Next (2006), which explicitly names Biosyn in the story.
In some props for Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom which were never used, her name was originally given as Maisie Lockwood, with the clone being named after her mother. Her name, dates of birth and death, and entire backstory were changed for Jurassic World: Dominion, though this did not create many issues for canon since the props which previously gave this information never appeared onscreen.