Goat (S/F) / (C/N)

Disambiguation Links – Goat (CB-Topps)

The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.  The goat is a member of the Bovidae family and is closely related to the sheep as both are in the goat-antelope subfamily Caprinae. There are over three hundred distinct breeds of goat.

Description

The goat is a small-sized (45 to 300 pounds, depending on the breed) hoofed bovid. Most goat breeds naturally have two horns, though the size varies between breeds and sometimes between sexes. The length of the coat, which can come in a variety of colors, is also highly variable; some goats have very long hair, while others have quite short hair. The tail is generally short.

Goats differ from cattle in a variety of ways. Most obviously is their size, but female goats have two teats on their udders as opposed to cows, which have four. Some exceptions do exist, though, such as the Boer goat, which has eight. The pupils in the eyes of goats are also much more noticeable, with easily identifiable horizontal rectangular shape. Additionally, whereas polled (hornless) cattle can be reliably bred, this has not been accomplished in goats. When polled goats are bred, a high percentage of sterile intersex offspring usually result. This is because the genes controlling sex and the genes controlling horn growth in goats are closely linked.

InGen has used medium-sized to small goats in their parks. White, black-spotted goats and white, brown-headed goats have both been seen; all of the goats in InGen parks so far have had somewhat long swept-back horns.

Habitat

Goats are one of the oldest domesticated species. Goats have been used for their milk, meat, hair, and skins over much of the world. In the twentieth century they also gained in popularity as pets.

According to Jurassic Park: The Game, the Tun-Si tribe raised goats on Isla Nublar for thousands of years. Ancient goat paths were maintained for generations, according to Nima Cruz, but some were destroyed by InGen making way for construction.

Jurassic Park has a supply of goats to use as food for some of the carnivorous dinosaurs. One of them was brought up from underground during the tour to entice the T. rex into making an appearance. After being ignored for a time, the goat was eaten by the Tyrannosaurus. It is not known if they were used as a food source for carnivores on Site B, as there is no evidence for this. However, in the original novel of The Lost World, goat milk is mentioned as a source of nutrition for hatchling dinosaurs, as it was hypoallergenic and safe for their consumption.

A goat used for feeding the Tyrannosaurus in Jurassic Park

In 2015, goats were still used as a food source in Jurassic World, at least in T. rex Kingdom.

A goat in Jurassic World being used for food

It is unknown if any were left on Isla Nublar following the Jurassic World incident, but if any managed to avoid predators, they likely died after the 2019 volcanic eruption of Mount Sibo.

Ecology

It is unlikely that goats played any role in the ecology of the islands during their occupation, as they would have been kept in captivity during those years.

Goats are highly adaptable herbivores, but it is not known if any survived in the wild following the abandonment of Jurassic Park and later Jurassic World. Due to their small size, they would have been incapable of defending themselves against larger predators and may have faced competition for habitat and food from herbivorous dinosaurs. Their diet consists of virtually any plant matter, though, so any plants that were not eaten by dinosaurs could have been eaten by goats.