Goat (S/F) / (C/N)

Disambiguation Links – Goat (CB-Topps)

The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe.  The goat is a member of the Bovidae family and is closely related to the sheep as both are in the goat-antelope subfamily Caprinae. There are over three hundred distinct breeds of goat.

Description

The goat is a small-sized (45 to 300 pounds, depending on the breed) hoofed bovid. Most goat breeds naturally have two horns, though the size varies between breeds and sometimes between sexes. The length of the coat, which can come in a variety of colors, is also highly variable; some goats have very long hair, while others have quite short hair. The tail is generally short.

Goats differ from cattle in a variety of ways. Most obviously is their size, but female goats have two teats on their udders as opposed to cows, which have four. Some exceptions do exist, though, such as the Boer goat, which has eight. The pupils in the eyes of goats are also much more noticeable, with easily identifiable horizontal rectangular shape. Additionally, whereas polled (hornless) cattle can be reliably bred, this has not been accomplished in goats. When polled goats are bred, a high percentage of sterile intersex offspring usually result. This is because the genes controlling sex and the genes controlling horn growth in goats are closely linked.

InGen has used medium-sized to small goats in their parks. White, black-spotted goats and white, brown-headed goats have both been seen; all of the goats in InGen parks so far have had somewhat long swept-back horns.

Growth

Baby goats are called kids. Most are born with smaller horns, which grow as the animals mature. As with many mammals, the head is disproportionately large in babies.

Sexual Dimorphism

Differences between male and female goats varies with breed. Male goats have sebaceous scent glands at the base of the horns which are used to attract females.

Habitat

Goats are one of the oldest domesticated species. Goats have been used for their milk, meat, hair, and skins over much of the world. In the twentieth century they also gained in popularity as pets.

Isla Nublar

According to Jurassic Park: The Game, the Tun-Si tribe raised goats on Isla Nublar for thousands of years. Ancient goat paths were maintained for generations, according to Nima Cruz, but some were destroyed by InGen making way for construction.

Jurassic Park has a supply of goats to use as food for some of the carnivorous dinosaurs. One of them was brought up from underground during the tour to entice the T. rex into making an appearance. After being ignored for a time, the goat was eaten by the Tyrannosaurus.

A goat used for feeding the Tyrannosaurus in Jurassic Park

According to reports from the Dinosaur Protection Group, goats continued to survive on Isla Nublar following the incident. They lived in a herd structure. The Tyrannosaurus continued to prey on them, keeping their population in check. It is not known where on the island the goat herd chose to reside, but as goats are highly adaptable, they could theoretically survive anywhere on the island.

In 2015, goats were still used as a food source in Jurassic World, at least in T. rex Kingdom. The mobile game Jurassic World: The Game also indicates that goats were utilized in the IBRIS Project, though there was a high failure rate and thus a high goat mortality rate. The game also indicates that there is a farm on Isla Nublar where livestock, likely including goats, would be kept.

A goat in Jurassic World being used for food

It is unknown if any were left on Isla Nublar following the Jurassic World incident, but if any managed to avoid predators, they likely died after the June 23, 2018 volcanic eruption of Mount Sibo.

Isla Sorna

It is not known if they were used as a food source for carnivores on Site B, as there is no evidence for this. However, in the original novel of The Lost World, goat milk is mentioned as a source of nutrition for hatchling dinosaurs, as it was hypoallergenic and safe for their consumption.

Other

A goat was used by the security personnel hired by Eli Mills and Ken Wheatley at the Lockwood estate to draw the Tyrannosaurus rex into a holding pen.

Behavior and Ecology
Daily Activity

Goats are diurnal animals.

Diet and Feeding Behavior

While goats are characterized as opportunistic herbivores that can and will eat anything, this is not quite true. Goats are browsing animals (as opposed to grazers like cattle), favoring vines, shrubbery, and weeds. They are curious by nature and will investigate unfamiliar objects that vaguely resemble plant matter by chewing on them to determine if they are edible. However, they will not actually eat non-food items. Goats will also eat the woody tips of trees and shrubs, and will sometimes take large-leafed plants.

Social Behavior

In the parks, the goats were not shown engaging in social behavior due to being fodder animals for the carnivorous dinosaurs. However, following the 1993 abandonment of Isla Nublar, the goats were left in the wild and were reported to live in a herd structure.

In real life, goats are herd animals and tend to be very social. They establish dominance through headbutting and other mild combative behaviors.

Reproduction

In real life, goats in equatorial regions such as Isla Nublar can breed at any time of the year. Puberty is reached between three and fifteen months of age.

Female goats (does) can go into estrus once every forty-eight days, for a period of two days. She will vigorously wag her tail, remaining close to a male goat (buck). She becomes more vocal, eats less, and produces less milk. Bucks exhibit rutting behavior when females are in estrus, eating less and becoming obsessed with does. He will curl his lip, urinate on himself, and produce scent to attract females.

Gestation lasts roughly 150 days, after which twins are usually born. Single and triplet births are also common, but larger litters are rare. The mother typically eats the placenta after birth, which helps hide the scent from predators; on Isla Nublar, they would likely exhibit this behavior.

The kids usually drink their mother’s milk for about 305 days, after which they start to wean off it and begin to mature.

Goats in captivity live for about eighteen years.

Vocalizations

Goats are best known for their bleating sounds. A goat in Jurassic Park can be heard bleating to itself. There are no other goats nearby, but it would likely have been recently removed from the other goats in the island’s stock and may have been calling to them.

Ecological Interactions

It is unlikely that goats played any role in the ecology of the islands during the construction and operation of the parks, as they would have been kept in captivity during those years. However, following the abandonment of each park, the goats would likely have escaped into the wild. In real life, goats are notorious for escaping captivity and becoming feral.

Goats are highly adaptable herbivores. Due to their small size, they would have been incapable of defending themselves against larger predators and may have faced competition for habitat and food from herbivorous dinosaurs. Their diet consists of vines, shrubs, and weeds, many of which would be harder for the large herbivorous dinosaurs to access.

They would also compete for food with the indigenous Nublar tufted deer, which is the size of some smaller goats. The deer is crepuscular and inhabits deep forested areas. Goats in real life often decimate habitats when they become feral, so it is likely that the deer suffered from competition more than the goats.

Known predators of goats on Isla Nublar include Tyrannosaurus rex. Presumably, other carnivorous animals would prey on them as well. The largest indigenous carnivore on the island is the common boa, whose typical diet includes mammals in this size range.

Interactions with Humans

Goats are some of the oldest of domesticated species. They were domesticated over ten thousand years ago, and are used for their milk, hide, fiber, manure, and meat. The Tun-Si people of Isla Nublar kept domesticated goat herds thousands of years before InGen took over the island.

InGen has also historically used goats as fodder animals in their dinosaur parks. They were most famously used as food for the Tyrannosaurus rex; one was also used by Ken Wheatley’s security personnel in 2018 to bait a tyrannosaur into a holding pen, presumably based on InGen’s history of feeding it goats. However, this was not the only use of goats by InGen. The beet root salad served in Winston’s Steakhouse in Jurassic World included goat cheese as an ingredient.

In real life, goats are gaining popularity as companion animals due to their sociable nature.